Hackers are generating renewed interest among the general public. Scientists are not excluded from this craze: new surveys have helped to renew knowledge on the subject in recent years. Gilbert Buti and Philippe Hrodej offer us a Dictionary of Corsairs and Pirates to explore these adventurers of the seas of the modern era while leaving aside the myths surrounding this universe.
Le bombardement de Fort Sumter, dans la baie de Charleston (Caroline du Sud), est la première bataille de la guerre de Sécession (1861-1865). Le 12 avril 1861 en effet, les confédérés attaquent les nordistes qui tentaient de ravitailler le fort.Des débuts difficilesLe 4 mars 1861, Abraham Lincoln prêta serment sur le parvis du Capitole, le bâtiment qui abrite le Sénat et la Chambre des représentants, et prit ses fonctions de seizième président des États-Unis d’Amérique.
The Battle of Jutland is the biggest naval battle of the First World War, fought by the British and German fleets on May 31 and June 1, 1916. As the war on land becomes mired in the trenches and then hell from Verdun, the confrontation has not yet taken place at sea between the two European rivals, the British Empire and the German Empire.
Located in the heart of the Cirque d & 39; Estre in the south of Ardèche, the ornate cave of Vallon arcade bridge known as Grotte Chauvet is one of the jewels of Ardèche heritage. Discovered in 1994 by three speleologists, it has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and now has a Lascaux-type restitution area for visitors.
The Gers is undoubtedly a magnificent department, famous for the products of its soil and its sweetness of life. But, heart of Gascony, it is also renowned for the qualities of courage of some of its representatives like the famous d & 39; Artagnan, character popularized by Alexandre Dumas, and native of Lupiac, died in the war in Holland under Louis XIV, mowed down by a cannonball.
There are characters in the history of France, on whom fate persists and recognition is only very late. Such is the fate of Joan of France (1464-1505), king's daughter but deformed girl, rejected woman, disowned Queen of France, nicknamed the Lame, who showed devotion, courage and exemplary self-sacrifice throughout his life.
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In 2013, Notre-Dame de Paris celebrated its 850th anniversary. Well rooted on the Île de la Cité for more than eight centuries, the cathedral is one of the most famous monuments of the capital and a privileged witness to the history of France. Its construction lasted almost a century, without counting the modifications which followed, and in particular the controversial works of Viollet-le-Duc in the 19th century.
Thierry Jigourel invites you to discover 2,000 years of history through fifteen biographies of people who have given of their person to defend the sovereignty and cultural identity of Brittany. About fifteen handpicked men and women, from the British queen to the singer and the independentist… Fifteen portraits of “rebels and rebels” who teach us as much about the history of Brittany as about the references regionalists.
Among the reasons given to justify the First Crusade, the Turkish conquest in the East figures prominently. First slaves in the Abbasid armies, the Turks gained political importance during the tenth century, and some of them, thanks to the title of sultan given by the caliph, managed to carve out principalities and to extend Turkish influence to Syria and Anatolia.
It is a commonplace to think that the people at the court of King Louis XIV were dirty, that the courtiers forgot themselves behind the tapestries and nooks and crannies of the Palace of Versailles or even that we excessively perfumed ourselves to hide bad body odor. These are just rumors, appearing in the 19th century with the birth of modern hygiene.
With the crushing defeat at Bull Run (July 21, 1861), hopes of a quick victory for the North flew. For President Abraham Lincoln, it was now a question of putting the Union in a position to win a war of attrition, a protracted conflict, while managing the necessities of internal politics and electoral deadlines.
The medieval world is also - and above all - a universe made up of images which must catch the eye of passers-by. In these societies where religion is the cement of mentalities, iconography is there so that all can see and understand the world. Thus, each element, each physical trait, has a specific meaning.
The invention of the computer was the fulfillment of man's desire to develop a universal calculator, an idea that originated in Britain in the 20th century thanks to Charles Babbage and then perfected by Alan Mathison Turing in 1936. It is the improvement of many techniques, in particular in the field of electronics, which thus allows in 1943 to lead to the design of the real first computer.
While the Crusade was primarily an undertaking decided by the Pope, the repeated failures of Innocent III seem to have dealt a fatal blow to Rome's influence in the war pilgrimage. The crusade of Frederick II who, despite his excommunication, still recovered Jerusalem by treaty, is a good example.
For a thousand years, the medicine of the Middle Ages gradually enriched itself with knowledge and discoveries, with contrasting phases of rise and stagnation. Innumerable and extremely varied, certain medicinal preparations tempting by their sweetness and their effectiveness are still used today.
At a time when the trend is both to write an “official history” and to compete for memory, it is desirable to put things straight: what differences and convergences between History and memory are there? Does he have a duty to remember, what place can the historian have in the social debates that never cease to call him to witness?
On September 29, the Confederate Army set out north. Van Dorn suffered a first setback, however, when northern cavalry patrols, after having held their Confederate counterparts at bay, burned the bridges over the Hatchie River, which the Southerners had to cross to continue their progress.
Bordeaux and its Port de la Lune are today a major tourist site listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In addition to this fame, economic and urban development has enabled archaeologists to discover new places and to renew our knowledge of the history of the city of Bordeaux.
The island of Cyprus, already important during Antiquity, became a major stake during the Middle Ages. Cyprus & 39; s rich history feeds on the different influences imported by those who conquer it, even partially, but the Cypriot identity remains strong and original, while still being very 'Byzantine'.