ANCIENT CIVILIZATIONS : Ancient Greece in Italy


A look at Ancient Civilizations and Ancient Greece in Italy. Nearly 2800 years ago, a group of Greek settlers landed on the coast of Italy. That event marked the start the process which created Magna Graecia, named after the motherland. Join us as we walk through the streets of Cumae, Pasteum, Puteoli, and Neapolis, reconstructed using the most advanced computer graphics.

Part 2 starts at 25.42 and looks Ancient Greece in Sicily. During the 4th Century BC, Sicily was the “new Greece” of the west. Our journey will take us to the various cultural centers that dotted the island, such as Syracuse, Agrigento, with the exquisite Valley of the Temples, and Selinus, present-day Selenunte.

Ancient Civilizations offers a comparative analysis of the field, including both old world and new civilizations, and explores the connections between all civilizations around the earth.The volume provides a jargon-free introduction to ancient civilizations from the first civilizations, and the great powers in the Near East, to the first Aegean civilizations, the Mediterranean world in the first millennium, Imperial Rome, northeast Africa, divine kings in southeast Asia, and empires in East Asia, as well as early states in the Americas and Andean civilization.For those interested in ancient civilizations.

Today’s civilizations owe an immense debt to the powerful empires and mighty cities of antiquity. Their inventions, techniques and concepts enabled the advancement of humankind and lay the foundation for life in the modern world.

Explore Ancient History, including videos, pictures, and articles on cultures such as Ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome and more.

The History of Salt in Ancient Civilizations

Life itself depends on salt, and people in early civilizations went to great lengths to acquire it. It was, and still is, used to preserve and season food, and it is important in medicine as well as religious ceremonies, all of which have made it a valuable trade commodity. Some early cultures even used it as a form of currency. All of this means that from ancient China to Egypt, Greece, and Rome, the history of human civilization is closely linked to the history of salt.

Ancient Greek games

Olympic Games originated in ancient Greece, the Peloponnese, in the Olympia, as a series of athletic competitions (in the beginning of the art in poetry and sculpting). Olympic games were held every four years, during the religious celebration in the Temple of Zeus, which was set up 13 meters high, the grandiose statue of the god Zeus. The first ancient Olympic Games were held in the summer of 776 BC. Games lasted until 393 AD when the Roman Emperor Theodosius banned.

The Pythian Games – were held at Delphi, in honor of the god Apollo. Initially held every 8, and then every 4 years. It was emphasized competition in music and singing.

The Nemean games – Were held every 2 years , and competitors compete in hoplites uniform .

The Isthmian Games. – organized by the Corinth, in honor of the god Poseidon. Conventions were held every two years.

On games could compete free Greeks, who were not convicted of murder. Could competed only single women. Athletes were mostly wealthy people. Before the tournament, the athletes swore that they would practice hard, and the judges would be fair in the trial. In games there was only victory.

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Beginning of ancient history

  • 10,000 BC - invention of agriculture is the earliest given date for the beginning of Ancient Era
  • 3,300 - oldest historical documents
  • 5,000
  • 4,000

Important events

  • 3300 BC - Bronze Age begins in the Near East, slowly spreads to the rest of Eurasia
  • 2000 BC - Domestication of the horse
  • 356 BC - Birth of Alexander the Great
  • 323 BC - Death of Alexander the Great
  • 149 BC-146 - Third and final Punic War
  • 100 BC - Julius Caesar is born.
  • 49 BC - Civil War between Caesar and Pompey the Great.
  • 6 BC - Jesus is born
  • 313 AD - Edict of Milan declared that the Roman Empire would be neutral toward religious worship
  • 378- Battle of Adrianople, Roman army is defeated by the Germanic tribes
  • 395- Roman EmperorTheodosius I outlaws all pagan religions in favor of Christianity
  • 410- Alaric sacks Rome for the first time since 390 BC
  • 476- Prompted by the barbarian General Odacer, the last Roman Emperor Romulus Augustulus abdicates, formally ending the Western Roman Empire.

End of ancient history in Europe

The exact date era of ancient history ends is still disputed among historians. Most common dates are:

The Death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE

Alexander the Great was king of Macedon from 336 BCE to 323 BCE | Image: Alexander Mosaic, National Archaeological Museum, Naples.

In the decades and centuries that followed after the death of Alexander the Great, the various Greek city-states that were on the verge of uniting became more divided. Owing to the sudden death of the 32-year-old military genius, a successor could not be named. Alexander’s generals went ahead and sliced up the empire, leaving each area to be ruled by a general. So, for example, Alexander’s conquered territories in Egypt came to be ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty.

Alexander the Great’s death in 323 BCE marked the end of the Classical Greek period, ushering in the Hellenistic Period. During this time, attention started moving from traditional cultural hubs such as Athens and Sparta to places like Alexandria (in Egypt) and Ephesus (in Turkey).

Did you know: The military genius and leader Alexander the Great went on a conquering spree that saw him march as far as India?

Ancient History & Rise of Civilizations

The study of ancient history takes students on a time-traveling journey thousands and even millions of years ago! Students become history detectives as they learn about how the earliest humans evolved and then created the world’s first great civilizations. Scientists have learned that the first humans came from Africa over 4 million years ago and eventually migrated to the Middle East, Europe, Asia, and the Americas. The world’s first civilizations created language, art, architecture, and forms of government. The advancements made in the ancient world continue to influence our societies today.

Studying ancient civilizations is a great way for students to understand why and how things came to be. These civilizations brought incredible innovations, scientific achievements, political growth, and literature that is still studied today. Within each lesson plan there are a variety of resources to help students illustrate what they have learned.

5 Before Viagra, There Was Priapus

The Greeks had a very firm relationship with the phallus&mdashmore an obsession, really. In particular was Priapus, the Greek god equivalent to Dionysus, known for his extremely long and permanently erect penis. If you think you recognize the term, it&rsquos because Priapus inspired the medical term priapism.

And even if Priapus didn&rsquot play too well with the other gods, he was revered on Earth. The Priapeia contains a collection of 95 poems dedicated to the sexually driven vulgarity of Priapus.

With this gift of dirty pictures
from the tract of Elephantis
Lalage asks if the horny
deity could help her do it
just like in the illustrations

The law which (as they say) Priapus coined
for boys appear immediately subjoined
&ldquoCome pluck my garden&rsquos contents without blame
if in your garden I can do the same.&rdquo


Hope, Charles, and Elizabeth McGrath. "Artists and Humanists." In The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism, edited by Jill Kraye, pp. 161 – 188. Cambridge, U.K., 1996.

Howard, M. W. The Influence of Plutarch in the Major European Literatures of the Eighteenth Century. Chapel Hill, N.C., 1970.

Koortbojian, Michael. "Classical Antiquity." In Encyclopedia of the Renaissance. Vol. 1. Edited by Paul F. Grendler, pp. 1 – 9. New York, 1999.

Kristeller, Paul Oskar. "Renaissance Humanism and Classical Antiquity." In Renaissance Humanism: Foundations, Forms, and Legacy. Vol. 1. Edited by Albert Rabil, Jr., pp. 5 – 16. Philadelphia, 1988.

Reeve, Michael D. "Classical Scholarship." In The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye, pp. 20 – 46. Cambridge, U.K., 1996.

Weiss, Roberto. The Renaissance Discovery of Classical Antiquity. Oxford, 1969.

Ancient Civilizations: Ancient Greece & Ancient Rome | Distance Learning

Your students will love learning about Ancient Greece AND Ancient Rome with this BUNDLE! In this BUNDLE, you'll find reading passages, lots of comprehension and connection activities, character files, vocabulary posters, map activities, and so much more! Your students will love learning about these fascinating Ancient Civilizations with this creative and hands-on activity pack! Newly Updated to include the digital versions of these units in Google Slides for Google Classroom.

There are 15 informational articles that focus on the following topics:

⭐The Way of Life: Boys and Girls

⭐Clothing of Ancient Greece

⭐Democracy: Rule by the People

There are several character studies where students will meet:

This unit includes many interactive activities:

✔All About the Greeks (Cut-n-Sort)

In this Ancient Rome Activity Pack, there are 20 informational articles with questions and scenes for students to color and connect. There are three character studies where they will meet Julius Caesar, Augustus Caesar, and a Gladiator.

There are 20 informational articles that focus on the following topics:

⭐Legend of Romulus and Remus

⭐Social Classes in ancient Rome

⭐Farmers, Merchants, Craftsmen, Entertainers of Rome

⭐Contributions: Roman Forum, Bathhouses, Aqueducts, Roman Roads


There are five main activities:

I like to start off the unit with a mystery box activity, a box that is filled with different items (mainly contributions) related to Ancient Greece. For example, I might put a medal, olives, pottery, a mask, etc. Have students guess how each of these items is related to Ancient Greece but don’t give them the answers. You can revisit the mystery box at the end of the unit after they become experts. Setting up this scene creates a natural curiosity to motivate students to want to learn all they can. That is why I’ve included a mystery envelope activity for students to do in groups instead of whole group. Print out the Mysteries of Ancient Greece pictures on cardstock, cut into cards, laminate (if desired) and place into several envelopes, one for each group. Included are eight that are clipart and 8 with real photos depending on the age of your students. Using the Mysteries of Ancient Greece Recording Sheet, students discuss and write down their rationales, best guesses, and questions/wonderings. Then do the Ancient Greece Anticipatory Set of T/F questions to pique and build background knowledge.

Read the informational articles about Geography, Daily Life, Food, Clothing, Houses, Religion, Athens, Sparta, Olympics, Theater, Columns, and Democracy. Have students answer the comprehension questions, organizers, and activities for each section.

Create a learning station for Alexander the Great. In a folder include Meet Alexander the Great and character mini-booklet with timeline dates. Students can complete the mini-booklets by writing three facts about Alexander and cut-n-sort the timeline dates in the correct order. Then they can color, cut, and paste the mini-booklets inside their notebook or a lapbook. *For the Archimedes, Hippocrates, Aristotle, and Pythagoras, I have included a shorter mini-booklet activity for students to write three facts because there are not enough dates and accurate information to do a whole timeline for them.

Introduce the vocabulary words with the real-life photo posters included. You could post these posters around the classroom and have students travel around to match up and define the words in their flip flaps or use as a center activity. These posters are excellent to create an attractive bulletin board in a snap!

Bring the students together for class discussions to check for understanding and further their critical thinking skills after each lesson. At the end of the unit come back to revisit the mystery box/envelope activity and Anticipatory Questions to check and correct their answers. There are also several other activities including a map, a timeline, mystery flaps, flip book, quiz, brag tags and unit reflection.

Masters Programs in Ancient History in Europe 2021

A masters is earned after students complete an undergraduate degree program. To obtain a masters, you usually need to complete 12 to 18 college courses that often involve completing comprehensive tests and/or a thesis.In all, there are over 4000 Higher Education Institutions in Europe offering a wide range of courses at Bachelor, Masters and Doctorate level. With more and more of these organizatio&hellip Read more

A masters is earned after students complete an undergraduate degree program. To obtain a masters, you usually need to complete 12 to 18 college courses that often involve completing comprehensive tests and/or a thesis.

In all, there are over 4000 Higher Education Institutions in Europe offering a wide range of courses at Bachelor, Masters and Doctorate level. With more and more of these organizations offering English as the language of education for at least some of their degree programs, universities in Europe are now of higher quality than ever before. Universities in Europe offer a friendly welcome to foreign students and to give a course of knowledge that meets their profession needs in today’s global demand.

Watch the video: TOP 15 ADVANCED Ancient Civilizations (January 2022).