Information

Atlantis


Atlantis, a likely mythical island nation mentioned in Plato’s dialogues “Timaeus” and “Critias,” has been an object of fascination among western philosophers and historians for nearly 2,400 years. Plato (c.424–328 B.C.) describes it as a powerful and advanced kingdom that sank, in a night and a day, into the ocean around 9,600 B.C. The ancient Greeks were divided as to whether Plato’s story was to be taken as history or mere metaphor. Since the 19th century there has been renewed interest in linking Plato’s Atlantis to historical locations, most commonly the Greek island of Santorini, which was destroyed by a volcanic eruption around 1,600 B.C.

Plato’s Atlantis

Plato (through the character Critias in his dialogues) describes Atlantis as an island larger than Libya and Asia Minor put together, located in the Atlantic just beyond the Pillars of Hercules—generally assumed to mean the Strait of Gibraltar. Its culture was advanced and it had a constitution suspiciously similar to the one outlined in Plato’s “Republic.” It was protected by the god Poseidon, who made his son Atlas king and namesake of the island and the ocean that surrounded it. As the Atlanteans grew powerful, their ethics declined. Their armies eventually conquered Africa as far as Egypt and Europe as far as Tyrrhenia (Etruscan Italy) before being driven back by an Athenian-led alliance. Later, by way of divine punishment, the island was beset by earthquakes and floods, and sank into a muddy sea.

Origins of the Atlantis Story

Plato’s Critias says he heard the story of Atlantis from his grandfather, who had heard it from the Athenian statesman Solon (300 years before Plato’s time), who had learned it from an Egyptian priest, who said it had happened 9,000 years before that. Whether or not Plato believed his own story, his intent in telling it seems to have been to boost his ideas of an ideal society, using stories of ancient victory and calamity to call to mind more recent events such as the Trojan War or Athens’ disastrous invasion of Sicily in 413 B.C. The historicity of Plato’s tale was controversial in ancient times—his follower Crantor is said to have believed it, while Strabo (writing a few centuries later) records Aristotle’s joke about Plato’s ability to conjure nations out of thin air and then destroy them.

Atlantis Reemerges

In the first centuries of the Christian era, Aristotle was taken at his word and Atlantis was little discussed. In 1627, the English philosopher and scientist Francis Bacon published a utopian novel titled “The New Atlantis,” depicting, like Plato before him, a politically and scientifically advanced society on a previously unknown oceanic island. In 1882, former U.S. Congressman Ignatious L. Donnelly published “Atlantis: The Antediluvian World,” which touched off a frenzy of works attempting to locate and learn from a historical Atlantis. Donnelly hypothesized an advanced civilization whose immigrants had populated much of ancient Europe, Africa and the Americas, and whose heroes had inspired Greek, Hindu and Scandinavian mythology. Donnelley’s theories were popularized and elaborated by turn-of-the-20th-century theosophists and are often incorporated into contemporary New Age beliefs.

From time to time, archaeologists and historians locate evidence—a swampy, prehistoric city in coastal Spain; a suspicious undersea rock formation in the Bahamas—that might be a source of the Atlantis story. Of these, the site with the widest acceptance is the Greek island of Santorini (ancient Thera), a half-submerged caldera created by the massive second-millennium-B.C. volcanic eruption whose tsunami may have hastened the collapse of the Minoan civilization on Crete.


Atlantis (series)

Atlantis is an alternate history series written by Harry Turtledove. [1] [2] The point of divergence occurs around 85 million years ago when the eastern portion of the North American continent splits off from the rest of the continent and forms Atlantis, a separate continent farther east in the Atlantic Ocean.

Atlantis
AuthorHarry Turtledove
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
GenreAlternate history
PublisherRoc Books
Published2005–2010 ( 2005–2010 )

In addition to the three novels, two short stories Audubon in Atlantis (2005) and The Scarlet Band (2006) were written prior to the novels and they would later be reprinted in Turtledoves short story collection Atlantis and Other Places (2010).

The point of divergence from our timeline occurs around 85 million years ago when the eastern portion of the North American continent (roughly consisting of the present day Eastern Coast of the United States, extreme Southern Canada, Cuba and Hispaniola, Jamaica, Puerto Rico and various smaller Caribbean islands) splits off from the rest of the continent and forms Atlantis, a separate continent farther east in the Atlantic Ocean.

History would remain more or less the same as in real life until around 1452, when Atlantis is visited for the first known time by humans. The first known people to arrive on Atlantis are Breton fisherman François Kersauzon and his crew of the Morzen (French for Mermaid). He promises a fellow fisherman, Englishman Edward Radcliffe, to guide him to the location in exchange for a third of his load of cod that year. Radcliffe would agree to the deal and eventually returned with his family and a few others to create a settlement, New Hastings. Soon afterwards, Kersauzon would found his own city, Cosquer, and Basque fishermen would erect their own town of Gernika in the south. These settlements in turn gave birth to, and were ultimately eclipsed by, substantial English, French, and Spanish colonial holdings on the island.

The descendants of Edward Radcliffe would play major roles throughout the history of Atlantis. While the Kersauzon family would continue to have roles in Atlantian society, they would be distant second when compared with the Radcliffes (or Radcliffs one branch would dropped the 'e' from the name).

In the early years of settlement, Edward Radcliffe's son Henry would be the first person to navigated the west coast of Atlantis, while Henry's brother Richard would routinely cross over the Green Ridge Mountains on foot.

In 1470, King Edward IV would banish Richard Neville, the Earl of Warwick to Atlantis. The Earl would attempt to institute himself as the Lord of New Hastings. Resistance on the part of Richard Radcliffe led to the death of his father Edward Radcliffe. The Radcliffe sons were able to gather enough support to defeat and kill Warwick at the Battle of the Strand. This would be the first instance of rebellion taking place in Atlantis.

By the 1660s, Avalon had become the home of a number of pirates, the most notorious of these being Red Rodney Radcliffe. He and his pirate crew on the Black Hand would launch attacks on Spanish and Dutch colonies in Terranova (the name of the rest of North and South America) and English Atlantis. Shipping lines across the Hesperian Gulf were in such danger that England and Holland would pool their resource and work together. Under the leadership of William Radcliff (the second cousin to the pirate), the Avalon pirates were beaten with great success.

In 1761, the Seven Years' War in Europe had spread to Atlantis, with British Atlantis (formerly English Atlantis) going to war with French and Spanish Atlantis. The fighting on the Atlantis Front was ultimately brief when compared with other fronts, though when it was done, French Atlantis was no more and was absorbed into British Atlantis.

Victor Radcliff was the highest ranking Atlantean on the British side. Thanks to his decisive actions, British commander, Charles Cornwallis was able to decisively defeat French general Louis-Joseph de Montcalm (who was killed in action in 1761) and French Atlantean commander Roland Kersauzon.

The victory in the war had long term consequences. The financial cost of the victory was quite high for the Kingdom of Great Britain, and it sought to recoup that loss by taxing its Atlantean subjects. Moreover, French Atlantis had relied heavily on chattel slavery, and its perpetuation was crucial in keeping French subjects placated, particularly as British settlers made their way south after the war.

By 1775, the Atlanteans were fed up with British taxation, and with that, the Atlantean War of Independence began. The war would last for three years and ended in 1778. With Victor Radcliff in command, and with the eventual aid of France, Atlantis secured its independence as the United States of Atlantis. Upon its independence, the United States of Atlantis would adapt a republican government based upon the Roman Republic.

Despite securing a peace with the British, the United States of Atlantis came to blows with them again in 1809 after Atlantis provided aid to rebellions in Terranova. The War of 1809 ended as a draw between Atlantis and the United Kingdom, although arguably Atlantisreceived a substantial defeat at several points.

The ideals of the War for Independence did not translate into an end of slavery. Slavery was deemed too important in what used to be French Atlantis to be meddled with. It even expanded, when Atlantis purchased Gernika, Spain's mainland Atlantean possession.

Enslaved African Atlanteans and Copperskin Terranovans continued to seek their freedom, through various uprisings they started were quickly crushed. Finally, in 1852, under the leadership of Frederick Radcliff, the illegitimate grandson of Victor Radcliff, Atlantis saw an insurrection similar to the American Civil War that so vast and so well organized that it could not be put down without the whole country paying a too expensive price in blood and treasure. The insurrection forced the Atlantean Senate to abolish slavery once and for all.

The remainder of the 19th century would be relatively calm in Atlantis. From its very beginning, Atlantis paid lip-service to egalitarianism. Thus, people from all over the world would immigrate to Atlantis. It also placed emphasis on religious toleration. Consequently, a new Atlantean form of Christianity appeared in the early 19th Century called the House of Universal Devotion. Its founder, Samuel Jones, held that God lived in all people, and that, if we simply lived the proper lifestyle, we might overcome our limitations and become divine. The House was vocally anti-slavery well before the Great Insurrection. In the 1880s, a cabal of the Atlantean establishment, disgusted with how quickly the House had grown, attempted to implicate Jones in the murder of several critics. When the plot was unraveled by a British consulting detective, Atlantean society grew concerned that the House was now insulated from criticism

  1. ^"Uchronia.net Atlantis Series".
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  3. "PenguinRandomHouse.com Atlantis".
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  5. "Fantastic Fiction.com Opening Atlantis".
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  7. "Fantastic Fiction.com The United States of Atlantis".
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  9. "Fantastic Fiction.com Liberating Atlantis".

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The 'lost' continent

Despite its clear origin in fiction, many people over the centuries have claimed that there must be some truth behind the myths, speculating about where Atlantis would be found. Countless Atlantis "experts" have located the lost continent all around the world based on the same set of facts. Candidates — each accompanied by its own peculiar sets of evidence and arguments — include the Atlantic Ocean, Antarctica, Bolivia, Turkey, Germany, Malta and the Caribbean.

Plato, however, is crystal clear about where Atlantis is: "For the ocean there was at that time navigable for in front of the mouth which you Greeks call, as you say, 'the pillars of Heracles,' (i.e., Hercules) there lay an island which was larger than Libya and Asia together." In other word it lies in the Atlantic Ocean beyond "The pillars of Hercules" (i.e., the Straits of Gibraltar, at the mouth of the Mediterranean). Yet it has never been found in the Atlantic, or anywhere else.

The only way to make a mystery out of Atlantis (and to assume that it was once a real place) is to ignore its obvious origins as a moral fable and to change the details of Plato's story, claiming that he took license with the truth, either out of error or intent to deceive. With the addition, omission, or misinterpretation of various details in Plato's work, nearly any proposed location can be made to "fit" his description.

Yet as writer L. Sprague de Camp noted in his book "Lost Continents," "You cannot change all the details of Plato's story and still claim to have Plato's story. That is like saying the legendary King Arthur is 'really' Cleopatra all you have to do is to change Cleopatra's sex, nationality, period, temperament, moral character, and other details, and the resemblance becomes obvious."

The most obvious sign that Atlantis is a myth is that no trace of it has ever been found despite advances in oceanography and ocean floor mapping in past decades. For nearly two millennia readers could be forgiven for suspecting that the vast depths might somehow hide a sunken city or continent. Though there remains much mystery at the bottom of the world's oceans, it is inconceivable that the world's oceanographers, submariners, and deep-sea probes have some how missed a landmass "larger than Libya and Asia together."

Furthermore plate tectonics demonstrate that Atlantis is impossible as the continents have drifted, the seafloor has spread over time, not contracted. There would simply be no place for Atlantis to sink into. As Ken Feder notes, "The geology is clear there could have been no large land surface that then sank in the area where Plato places Atlantis. Together, modern archaeology and geology provide an unambiguous verdict: There was no Atlantic continent there was no great civilization called Atlantis."

Ignatius Donnelly was certain of his theory, predicting that hard evidence of the sunken city would soon be found, and that museums around the world would one day be filled with artifacts from Atlantis. Yet over 130 years have passed without a trace of evidence. The Atlantis legend has been kept alive, fueled by the public's imagination and fascination with the idea of a hidden, long-lost utopia. Yet the "lost city of Atlantis" was never lost it is where it always was: in Plato's books.


Lands that come and go

It now seems that Zealandia and Greater Adria are just two recent examples of what was once a regular Atlantis-like process. Continents were not always stable fixtures of our planet, according to University of Adelaide geophysicist Derrick Hasterok. Early in our planet’s history, more than 2 billion years ago, they were fragile and transient things, easily crumbling, fracturing, or simply eroding away.

The surprising reason for all this instability? Radioactivity. The Earth was born with a lot more radioactive elements than it has now (much of them have since decayed away), Hasterok says, and those elements preferentially collect in continental rocks. When the first continents formed, they sowed the seeds for their own demise. The only way he knows they ever existed is by the curious lack of high-radioactivity rocks in the modern continents. Those rocks don’t exist, because the continents in which they lived are long gone.


Atlantis, Lemuria & Maldek

The account below has been adapted for this website from the Introduction to The Nine Freedoms by Dr. George King. This is the story of our past lives in Atlantis, Lemuria, and even before we came to Earth.

Maldek

Hundreds of thousands of years ago there was another planet in this Solar System, about the size of Earth, which made its orbit between Mars and Jupiter. It was a green prosperous world inhabited by a people who had not reached a state of really advanced culture, but had nevertheless attained a stage which afforded an abundance of necessities which made life comparatively comfortable for all.

They studied the philosophies and dabbled in the sciences as do we, except that these people were more advanced in many ways than we are. The planet was so highly mechanized that robots took care of all the menial tasks. The inhabitants had discovered a rudimentary form of space travel, and could control their weather so that drought and famine became long forgotten. The majority, having an abundance of food, and having no menial tasks to perform, soon became content to while away their time in the sun. They became, in comparison with higher planetary cultures, a selfish, lackadaisical people seeking after their own enjoyment, as do the majority of people on Earth today.

It probably started subtly in the minds of those few men of science who shunned the procrastinating majority, in a fervent search for material conquest, thus leaving themselves open to the incurable affliction.

The mental disease manifested itself as a lust for greater power.

They exploded a hydrogen bomb and completely destroyed the planet Maldek and murdered the whole populace in one blinding flash of searing flame. All that is now left of that beautiful planet is the asteroid belt.

The people who inhabited Maldek were suddenly released onto their different etheric planes. According to the perfect law of karma, these people had to reincarnate again, under strict limitation, upon another planet in the Solar System. The Earth was approached.

The Gods made an appeal to the Earth as an intelligence, asking if she would be willing to take compassion upon the killers of Maldek and agree to their reincarnation upon her back. In her great merciful compassion, she agreed, thereby accepting thousands of years of limitation so that these lesser life forms could gain essential experience. The Gods then approached the true inhabitants of Earth, a highly cultured race of individuals called – Adamic man, who also agreed to cooperate with the coming to Earth of the people from Maldek.

Gradually those too lazy to stop the shocking cosmic crime of the destruction of Maldek and those who had actually brought it about, were reincarnated upon Earth. Adamic man stayed for a time giving instruction, guidance and help – and then, in accordance with Divine law, left the new inhabitants of Earth to their own devices.

Lemuria

Out of the gross limitation of atomic mutation the civilization of Lemuria (also known as Mu) dragged its weary self. The Earth became somewhat similar to what Maldek had been. The people began to probe the philosophies and the sciences again, and the Lemurian civilization flourished.

At its peak, it was a civilization of much finer culture than we know on Earth today. The Lemurians established a liaison between themselves and advanced intelligences from other planets, who taught them a great deal.

But alas, the disease struck again.

Lemuria was split into two camps: good and evil, the later camp again probing the atom. For the second time, the forces within God’s tiny building blocks were unleashed – and the civilization of Lemuria was destroyed.

Atlantis

Again those left were born through gross limitation on and off a world seething with radioactive poisoning until, eventually, after thousands of years, another semblance of culture came into being, and, slowly at first, then later gaining momentum, the civilization of Atlantis flourished upon Earth. Again space travel was established. Again some listened to the voice of wisdom coming from higher sources, and there was a split into three definite camps. The few, searching for a force to give them conquest over the whole Solar System, the majority not caring much, because they were content to live in their procrastinations, and the other few, who had proved themselves ready for the higher teachings and possessed the logic and faith to accept the voice of higher authority.

Again the minds of the sadistic minority invented atomic weaponry.

As had happened at the time of the fall of Lemuria, those who were ready for evacuation just prior to the devastation that was to follow, were taken off the Earth by the Gods from space. Meanwhile, those beset with greed and lust for material supremacy, warred with each other. As neither side could win such an atomic war – down fell the civilization of Atlantis into charred radioactive ruins.

Today, again the forces of the atom have been unleashed. Again the world is divided against itself.

Let us not make the same mistake a fourth time!

It should also be noted that after the destruction of Lemuria, the Gods saw fit to place a barrier around the Earth called by some “the ring-pass-not”. In scientific terms this barrier is called “the ionosphere”. After the destruction of Atlantis, the ionosphere was greatly intensified. This intensification tended to cut man off from the higher forms of inspiration, making advancement so much more difficult. This move had to be brought about according to karmic law.

This is a very brief history of why we are here upon Earth and why we are at the bottom of the evolutionary ladder in this Solar System. No other people in the Solar System have committed the worst possible crime, namely that of murdering a planetary intelligence.

Although we stand today in a position similar to that before Maldek was destroyed, there is one major difference between the two situations and that is this: the Supreme Lords of Karma have now declared, that under no account will this planet – the Mother Earth – be destroyed.


Top 10 Amazing Facts About the Lost City of Atlantis

The world is full of unsolved mysteries. Despite the great achievements in the field of science, we, human beings remain clueless about many things around us.

Rather than the land we live, what seems stranger to us is the ocean, which is home to many myths, legends and mysteries. While scientists have succeeded in explaining many of these mysteries, there are quite a few still remaining as unexplained.

Lost cities, hidden treasures, mystic ships are all part of the alluring marine world. Of all these, the lost city of Atlantis tops the list.

Image Credits: Wikimedia, George Grie

The Lost City of Atlantis, first mentioned by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato more than 2,300 years ago, is known as one of the oldest and greatest mysteries of the world.

According to Plato, the utopian island kingdom existed some 9,000 years before his time and mysteriously disappeared one day. Famed for having been the exhibit of all worldly pleasures in the world, this city is as enigmatic as it is inviting.

Even after years of research, the exact truth about this city has not been found and that adds even more to all the folklores attached with it. Read on to find what’s so fascinating about this city?

Where is Atlantis – The Mysterious Location

The biggest questions that boggle minds of all the scientists is that where is Atlantis. The narrations suggested that the city is believed to have sunk into the sea after an earthquake or tsunami. According to him, the so-called Atlantis was a large island located near the Rock of Gibraltar and consisted of a Poseidon temple and concentric walls and canals.

Plato added that the city under the sea should have been somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean. However, no technology so far has revealed any such city on the ocean bed.

While some theories suggested that the Atlantis is located in the Mediterranean, off the coast of Spain, few also argued that it could be even under Antarctica.

For a long time, Azores was believed to be the site of the city of Atlantis. However, the new researches have revealed a new site and the scientists are sure that Atlantis can be found in Cadiz, somewhere between the Spain and Morocco waters.

The extent of truth in this story is really a mystery in itself. Questions like where are Atlantis or do it even exist for real are still unanswered. But until the truth beneath it can be completely unravelled, the world will continue speculating about the existence of the greatest city of all times.

The unknown size of ‘the giant city’

Plato, talking about the mysterious underwater kingdom, wrote:

“For the ocean, there was at that time navigable for in front of the mouth which you Greeks call, as you say, ‘the pillars of Heracles,’ there lay an island which was larger than Libya and Asia together and it was possible for the travellers of that time to cross from it to the other islands, and from the islands to the whole of the continent over against them which encompasses that veritable ocean.”

Image Credits: Wikimedia, JERRYE AND ROY KLOTZ MD

Agreeing with Plato over the size of the island, Tertullian, an early Christian author who believed that Atlantis really once existed in the Atlantic Ocean, said it would be bigger than today’s Libya and Asia combined.

Since many others proposed the location of the city of Atlantis in the Mediterranean Sea, narrations have come out scaling the size of the city to Crete, Greece’s largest island.

However, in many stories after Plato’s era, the Atlantis was described as a giant city, missing anything specific about the size of the city. Edgar Cayce, an American Christian mystic, suggested that the Atlantis and Eurasia were equal in size.

Tale of God’s love

Legend says that the Atlantis city was built by Poseidon- the God of Sea, of storms and earthquakes- when he fell in love with a mortal woman Cleito. He made this city on top of a hill, in an isolated island in the sea, to protect her and named it Atlantis.

According to the story, Poseidon walked through the world in an effort to find the biggest island until he reached the biggest of them all- Atlantis and found it to be inhabited by people who were more beautiful and intelligent than rest of the world.

It was then he fell in love with Cleito when he finds her on the island.

The ‘Captivation’ Palace

The new home built by Poseidon for his love in the City of Atlantis was surrounded by rings of water and land. The five rings of water were connected to the land with the help of five tunnels, where a huge canal connected the outer rings of water to the ocean.

The tunnels were able to accommodate ships and every route to the city was guarded by gates and towers. Moreover, the wall that surrounded the rings was built using red, white and black rock and was decorated with precious metals.

Meanwhile, there was another hill called the ‘Hill of Cleito’ where, it is believed, Poseidon captivated his wife because he was distrustful of her loyalty. This hill was surrounded by huge moats and pillars.

The Golden Statue of Poseidon

The fable tells that Cleito had five pairs of twin sons with Poseidon, the eldest of which was named Atlas. The ten sons inherited the great city and the first child, Atlas, became the first ruler of Atlantis.

However, it is believed they also built a huge temple for their father with a giant statue of Poseidon riding a chariot carried by winged horses.

The statue was completely built-in gold and placed in a temple with its spiral roof so high up that the clouds drifted through the spirals of the temple.

The self-sufficient and rich city

The fertile and beautiful city of Atlantis, where half-god and half-human beings lived, is believed to have been a self-sufficient region where people grew their own food and reared animals.

Farmers in the city used to grow the crops in the fertile plains on the outskirts with the help of well-maintained irrigation system.

They also built beautiful buildings and other architectures from materials like black and red stone. They also had access to rare metals and even alloys like brass made and used crystals extensively for leisure and experimental purposes and had a lot of free time to even play with volcanoes.

Rising of Atlantis

Other than the legend of the lost city of Atlantis and other fables, the fact about the city still remains unknown. Among historians and other researchers, the findings of Edgar Caycehad something different to tell.

Edgar Cayce believed in the rising of the lost city once again like ‘the sun rises from the sea’. He predicted a new land would appear off the east coast of North America.

He also suggested that the souls of a number of people lived in Atlantis had been incarnating to America in order to usher in a new era of enlightened human consciousness.

Image Credits: Wikimedia, Elkman

Atlantis’ extra-terrestrial connection

Stories also claim that the original inhabitants of the lost city of Atlantis are believed to be of extra-terrestrial origin who reached there about 50,000 years ago from the Lyrian star system.

Despite being much taller and fairer than today’s average human being, the average life span of these people is believed to have been 800 years, making them really robust and strong prototype of the existent human race then.

Exceptional powers of Atlanteans

As some claim that the Lost City of Atlantis was on Mars, or was just a colony of an alien civilization, the inhabitants of the Atlantis city believed to have the possessors of exceptional powers such as the ability to control the weather, modify volcanic eruptions.

Some accounts also mention about their possession of some sort of device that allowed them to channel energy from time and space.

Even though the myth says that the inhabitants of the Atlantis City were superior beings, there are some of the opinions that it is just a mythical representation of a barbaric fashion of life.

A fable based on real events?

While many still consider the Lost City of Atlantis is just a legend, there are many conspiracy theories doing the rounds suggesting that the fable is actually based on real events.

Ocean explorer Robert Ballard finds logic in the story as it has similarities with a massive volcanic eruption in the island of Santorini in the Aegean Sea near Greece.

Ballard says a highly advanced society lived there disappeared suddenly as happened with the Atlantis. Similarly, Ignatius Donnelly also confirms the existence and disappearance of a mid-Atlantic continent that was in the exact location that Plato mentioned.

As the debate goes on, few researchers claimed that this utopian kingdom was a real continent located off the Bahamas and it was swallowed up by the Bermuda Triangle later, while another group suggested current Antarctica is the newer version of Atlantis.

Meanwhile, James Romm, a professor at Bard College in Annandale in New York, says Plato himself created the story in order to convey some of his philosophical theories, mostly about his vision of an ideal civilization.

Disclaimer:The authors’ views expressed in this article do not necessarily reflect the views of Marine Insight. Data and charts, if used, in the article have been sourced from available information and have not been authenticated by any statutory authority. The author and Marine Insight do not claim it to be accurate nor accept any responsibility for the same. The views constitute only the opinions and do not constitute any guidelines or recommendation on any course of action to be followed by the reader.

The article or images cannot be reproduced, copied, shared or used in any form without the permission of the author and Marine Insight.

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Atlantis and the Edgar Cayce Readings

For some years A.R.E. members and the organization itself have conducted expeditions in search of ruins or any remains of the lost continent of Atlantis. According to Cayce, Atlantis—located from the Gulf of Mexico to Gibraltar—was destroyed in a final catastrophic event circa 10,000 B.C. The focus of A.R.E. efforts has been in the Bimini area, however, other related locations have also been investigated. Research on the so-called Bimini Road has been hampered as researchers are split on the origin of the structure: some believe it is a manmade road or foundation while others assert it is natural beach rock, which fractured in place. However, a seldom-discussed fact is that a portion of the Bimini Road was removed after a hurricane in 1926.

Before the end of the last Ice Age (12,000-years ago) the ocean levels were at least 300 feet below their current levels. A vast "island" was in the area in those remote times rather than chains of islands. Edgar Cayce referred to Bimini as one of the mountaintops of ancient Atlantis. While few would consider the island a mountain, 12,000-years ago it was one of the highest points on the vast land formation in the region. Bimini and Andros Island, lying about 100 miles to the east of Bimini, were a part of the same island in 10,000 B.C.—called "Poseidia" temple which sunk in 10,000 B.C. and is, according to Cayce, covered by "the slime of ages." This record hall is identical to the one in Egypt under the Sphinx.

Archaeologists have countered that the remains of civilization in the region only go back 7,000 years—or perhaps even less. They have asserted that if a major civilization existed in the area, some of its remains would be found on current land. That assertion has a fundamental flaw. Ancient maritime civilizations typically built their cities and ports on the ocean shores. As related in prior issues of Ancient Mysteries, archaeologists working in South America, the Pacific coast of North America, India, and elsewhere in the world have been discovering the remains of underwater ruins. These ancient maritime civilizations built their cities and ports on coastlines—all of which have been covered by the rising oceans. Given the recent changes in North and South American archaeology—taking the history of habitation in the Americas to 50,000-years ago—it seems likely that ruins would lie in the shallow waters around Bimini.

Andrew Collins—Gateway to Atlantis

In August 2002, British researcher Andrew Collins renewed interest in the search for Atlantis with a stirring lecture at the Annual Egypt & Ancient Civilizations Conference at Virginia Beach. Collins' book, Gateway to Atlantis, proposes that the major remaining portions of Atlantis are in and around Cuba—especially in the area where possible underwater ruins were discovered in 2000. Collins published this rather startling idea prior to the discovery of the possible ruins. Collins also discussed the possibility that Andros Island (between Bimini and Cuba) could hold ruins of Atlantis and he showed a variety of photos of underwater structures taken in the waters around Andros. Many of the photos were shot by J. Manson Valentine and several pilots in the 1960s, prior to the existence of GPS. Thus, several of the locations of the ruins have been lost.

As reported in the A.R.E. membership newsletter Ancient Mysteries, Collins found several of the original photos and Cuban articles in the Egerton Sykes' collection of the A.R.E. library during the conference week. Sykes was a world recognized authority on Atlantis who carefully evaluated all of the evidence on Atlantis as well as conducting his own expeditions until his death in 1983. All of his books, manuscripts, and research materials are housed in a secured area of the library. The articles, written in Spanish, were subsequently translated by A.R.E. Trustee, Humberto Martinez, M.D., who read them to the audience. The articles detailed 1950s efforts to locate remains of Atlantis by Cuban archaeologists—all of which were subsequently suspended due to political changes. Nevertheless, the information pointed to the areas around Cuba—including Andros and Bimini—as probable sites of ruins. Our research of satellite images has uncovered a site in Cuba which fits all of Plato's statements about the center city.

Cuban Underwater "Ruins" May Be Concrete

While we hope that the "ruins" reported off the extreme western tip of Cuba are remnants of Atlantis, our research indicates that the formations lying on the 2100-foot bottom may be something else. This area lies near the locations of the Soviet-era guided missile bunkers and concrete platforms that were the critical issue in the 1962 Cuban missile crisis. We believe that the materials on the bottom may be the remains of these bunkers and the storage silos which were quickly dismantled by the Soviets and dumped. Virtually no new information (2004) has been released about the Cuban site, but we remain hopeful that ruins may be identified at the location.

Genetic & Archaeological Confirmations

An additional piece of thoroughly scientific evidence pointing to the probably existence of Atlantis has recently been published in two books: Mound Builders (2001) and Ancient South America (2002). Both books have been authored by Dr. Greg Little, John Van Auken, and Dr. Lora Little. In Mound Builders, the authors suggest that the technology many people associate with Atlantis may not be as advanced as thought. In addition, Van Auken and Lora Little's book, The Lost Hall of Records (2000), details finds associated with the migration of Atlanteans to Central America. Updated information on recent archaeological discoveries and genetic evidence have been presented at the annual Ancient Mysteries conference.

It has long been recognized that migration legends from natives in North, Central, and South America support the migration of advanced groups to various locations in the Americas corresponding to Cayce's accounts of Atlantis. In recent years, archaeological work has shown that Cayce's accounts of the Atlantean migrations to the Americas is consistent with the archaeological evidence. Now, however, research on a form of DNA recovered from ancient remains almost perfectly matches Cayce's account. This was an unexpected scientific surprise that appears to support the contention that Atlantis was in the Caribbean area. In particular, what is called "Haplogroup X" by geneticists, has been found in ancient remains in every location in the world where the Cayce readings state Atlanteans fled at three different times (10,000 B.C., 28,000 B.C., and 50,000 B.C.). Amazingly, Haplogroup X—one of 42 major ancient mtDNA groups identified—has not been found in other locations of the world. In addition, another DNA type, called Haplogroup B, appears to be from what Cayce and others have termed the ancient continent of Mu—or Lemuria. We were the first to make this assertion, which has since been embraced by many others. For additional information, see Ancient America and Genetic DNA Research.

A.R.E.'s Satellite Imagery Research of Bimini

In 2001 and 2002, the Edgar Cayce Foundation funded a 640-square km satellite imaging project in the area around Bimini. This research project was completed by Jonathan Eagle. This process allows for the identification of probable underwater structures. The project revealed two types of seemingly "anomalous" formations. Both of these have now been extensively investigated. The results are below:

    "Two" straight lines were seen off NE Bimini and the report to the A.R.E. by J. Eagle suggested that the lines could be walls with sand dunes over them. In mid-2003, Greg and Lora Little visited the site of the lines and discovered that they were simply seaweed growing on the tops of sand channels. Locals were well aware of the sand channels. J. Eagle and Bill Donato visited the lines in July of 2003 and also made the same finding. However, J. Eagle reported that he "felt" a "reverse thermocline" in the area—with cooler water on the surface. Eagle and Donato have suggested that the thermocline and sand channels may be due to some sort of volcanic activity which they say may be somehow connected to a vein of gold Cayce stated was on Bimini. The National Geographic has sponsored an extensive study of the water flows around Bimini and found numerous areas where different temperatures mixed. The thermoclines around Bimini are due to warm water flows swirling with colder water flows. In October 2003, we viewed the large image of the 630 sq km satellite image of Bimini (now posted in the A.R.E. library) and noted at least another dozen "straight lines" to the NE of the two which were investigated. We believe all of these are completely natural and not worthy of further attention, but a few other investigators have plans to visit the underwater lines at NE Bimini to investigate their possible relationship to the gold vein.

Five 2003 expeditions were conducted to Andros. The first expedition examined the underwater circles found off western Andros. The second examined Rebikoff's "e," a strange e-shaped formation in shallow water in extreme northwestern Andros. During this expedition, an underwater "anomaly" was found in North Andros. The third expedition examined this structure as well as visiting the circles at South Bimini. As stated above, the newest expeditions have been to Andros. The most recent information on Andros and Bimini, where the idea that both the Bimini Road and Andros Platform were ancient breakwaters enclosing harbors. One other intriguing possibility about the Bimini Road and Andros Platform exists, and it was suggested to us by archaeologists. Both formations could have been large foundations for buildings. Near the Andros Platform, in water about 12-feet deep, is a large flat area. Lying on the bottom in that area are flat paving stones carefully fitted together. The paving stones are all square and rectangular with the typical size about 2 by 3 feet.

2004 Andros Expeditions

The 2003 expeditions found two important underwater structures at Andros and also found evidence of an ancient temple on the island. In 2004 the first expedition to Andros was made in June. It confirmed the presence of ancient building structures in central Andros and looked at more areas of the underwater platform. Additional expeditions are planned to several areas at and near Andros as well as to an underwater harbor off the Yucatan. These all took place. In brief, an ancient Maya harbor, with a still-existing 1000-foot long breakwater was investigated at Isla Cerritos off Yucatan. The harbor and breakwater were made from slabs of cut beach rock.

Piedras Negras—2004

Piedras Negras, Guatemala is the site of Edgar Cayce's third Hall of Records. (The other two being at Giza— under the Sphinx—and in the Bahamas. In April 2004, we made an A.R.E.-sponsored expedition to Piedras Negras carefully examining most of the ruins. An 83-minute video documentary was made of this expedition.

Andros-Bimini December 2004

In December 2004, we went again to Bimini and Andros, this time with a crew from The History Channel. At Bimini we obtained what may be the best footage ever taken of the Road. We also investigated and filmed what is known as "Proctor's Road," just north of the Bimini Road. Proctor's Road is a straight line of stones extending from the shore toward the Bimini Road site. At the Andros Platform we discovered that the hurricanes had passed directly over the site. Much of the 1000-foot-long, three-tiered platform was under sand. But the hurricanes moved huge amounts of sand from the inner harbor revealing a depth of at least 65 feet. Before the hurricane the harbor was only 25- 35-feet deep. The storms also revealed a deep channel leading into the harbor next to the end of the platform. The channel is cut through the reefs and the bedrock. Research revealed that the harbor has never been dredged and the channel was not cut in modern times.

2005 Bimini Andros Expedition

In May 2005 a joint expedition was taken between the ARE Search for Atlantis team and archaeologist Bill Donato of The Atlantis Organization. A series of amazing discoveries were made during and after the expedition. Results of lab testing of materials gathered on that expedition will be released at the 2005 Ancient Mysteries Conference in Virginia Beach. We also still plan on going to Cay Sal and Anguilla. Another possible trip is being planned to coastal Belize.

2007 Bimini Update

In May and June of 2007, three separate expeditions were carried out in the Bahamas as part of the A.R.E.'s Search For Atlantis Project. The initial report from these expeditions, issued in July, detailed the discovery of several crashed planes, at least one of which was reported missing in the Bermuda Triangle. The second report, issued in August, summarized several unexpected discoveries at Bimini, which included what appear to be rectangular building foundations in 100-feet of water and the remains of a temple consisting of white marble materials. This report summarizes the finds made on and around Andros.

Andros is the largest and most unexplored island in all of the Bahamas. North Andros lies about 150 miles East of Miami. The island is about 105-miles long and 35 miles wide at it widest point. As reported earlier, several land explorations were made on Andros along with numerous water explorations. Week long trips were made to Andros by Drs. Greg & Lora Little in both May and June 2007, both of which began with aerial surveys on portions of the Great Bahama Bank (GBB). The GBB is a massive expanse of a largely flat and shallow bottom extending for nearly 300 miles beginning north of Bimini to some distance south of Andros—just north of Cuba. In general, the water depth of this area averages about 25 feet. During the last Ice Age, the entire GBB was well above sea level. The aerial surveys identified over 30 unusual, dark formations in shallow water on the GBB and the gps locations were taken on each from the air. All but one of these formations was then visited on water with North Andros serving as our base of operations. In addition, side-scan sonar was employed to explore wide areas around Andros and in other areas a remote underwater video camera was used to examine the bottom.

Findings at Underwater Dark Features on the Great Bahama Bank

Thirty dark features (underwater formations) were visited on the Great Bahama Bank, some of which were nearly 50 miles offshore onto the GBB. Ship and plane remains found at some of these sites were detailed earlier. In general, about 75% of all the dark formations are associated with a variety of dumped materials as well as more curious artifacts. For example, one perfectly round white spot in the middle of a dark formation showed what appeared to be a portion of a huge metal anchor sticking up from the bottom. This piece could not be moved by hand. Is the actual ship also buried there? We don't know, but the formation around the anchor is over 500-feet long.

At other dark features we discovered dumped bombs, propane gas cylinders, appliances, and other debris. Bahamas fishermen often enhance a good fishing site by dumping materials to the bottom, thus increasing fish cover. But these formations were of marginal interest to us because our prime interest is in archaeological remains. It has been suggested that these "good fishing spots" may have formed initially because of "something buried under the sand" that allowed the grass to form, however, without extensive excavations, this cannot be determined.

Discovery of the Underwater “Joulter’s Wall”

The most important archaeological find of the 2007 Andros expeditions was a stonewall found in shallow water off an island north of Andros. Numerous interviews with local residents of Andros were made during our trips. One resident told us about a huge, underwater wall that was located in shallow water on the small chain of islands known as Joulters Cays, about 7-miles North of Andros. Joulters is completely uninhabited, and data obtained during the past 20 years has shown that numerous hurricane driven tsunamis, 30-feet and higher walls of water, have swept across the islands. In the 1950s, an attempt was made to form a small community on the southern Joulters island, but it was soon abandoned when a hurricane destroyed the few small, wood-framed homes that had been built. All of Joulters is extremely shallow and boats with a draft of more than two feet simply cannot reach it. However, the approach to the area where the wall is located is even shallower.

From directions given by the local, we found the underwater wall with Eslie and Krista Brown. During the two trips to Andros, we spent four full days at this site, not only filming and photographing the entire "wall," but also exploring the islands from one end to the other. We had to enter the area during high tide as we sped over a mile of water only one-foot deep. We found the wall exactly as described by the Andros resident. She related that she had seen it twice. The first time, in the early 1990’s, a large portion of the wall was intact and partially above water. She saw it the second time after a severe 1990’s hurricane and said that the eye of the hurricane hit that area and destroyed most of the wall and shoreline.

The wall itself is actually located in a small, narrow bay between what appears to be two islands. The bay is 3-7-feet deep, depending on the tide, and has sharks coming in at high tide. From the bay, the wall extends diagonally away from the two islands into water that is one-to-four feet deep ending where sandbars are located and the bottom is barely covered by water. About two miles further, through this shallow water, is the deep Tongue of the Ocean.

The wall is primarily made from square and rectangular limestone blocks that range in length from 3-6-feet, a width of 2-3-feet, and a thickness of 6-inches to 3-feet—with some blocks far larger. The blocks are obviously cut and roughly dressed and rough tool marks are clearly visible on many. There are some smaller, cube-like stones, about a foot square, occasionally found in portions of the intact wall and in places on the bottom. One area of the wall remains fairly intact and is found in water about 6-feet deep. Brushing the sandy bottom underneath the lowest tier of stones revealed more limestone blocks under the visible portion. How far down it extends is unknown. This section of the wall runs approximately 30-feet long and is formed by the massive blocks stacked on top of each other with 2-3 vertical layers of blocks visible. We found about 50 large stone blocks widely scattered in water around this intact portion as if they had been tossed around by huge waves.


The Lost City of Atlantis Primary Resource

This primary resource investigates the mysteries of the Ancient Greek empire of Atlantis. Find out all about the legendary island swallowed by the sea. When did the story of Atlantis first appear? Could this paradise island have really existed? If so, where would it have been?

In this National Geographic Kids’ history primary resource sheet, pupils will learn about Plato’s writings of the lost city of Atlantis. Pupils will also gain an insight into the scientific and archeological research underway to try and uncover the truth behind this famous legend.

The teaching resource can be used in study group tasks for learning about Ancient Greek history and culture, as well as modern day research into historical civilisations. It can be used as a printed handout for each pupil to review and annotate, or for display on the interactive whiteboard using the images included in the resource for class discussion.

Activity: Ask children to use the information in our primary resource sheet to draw a picture or an aerial diagram of what they think Atlantis may have looked like. Pupils could include drawings of the temples, palaces, waterways, trees and animals that Plato talks of. Pupils could also imagine what life may have been like on this paradise island and write an account entitled ‘A Day in Atlantis‘.

N.B. The following information for mapping the resource documents to the school curriculum is specifically tailored to the English National Curriculum and Scottish Curriculum for Excellence. We are currently working to bring specifically tailored curriculum resource links for our other territories including South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. If you have any queries about our upcoming curriculum resource links, please email: [email protected]

This History primary resource assists with teaching the following History objectives from the National Curriculum:

Know and understand significant aspects of the history of the wider world: the nature of ancient civilisations the expansion and dissolution of empires characteristic features of past non-European societies achievements and follies of mankind.

National Curriculum Key Stage 2 History objective:

Pupils should be taught about: Ancient Greece – a study of Greek life and achievements and their influence on the western world.

This History primary resource assists with teaching the following Social Studies Second level objective from the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence:

I can discuss why people and events from a particular time in the past were important, placing them within a historical sequence.

I can compare and contrast a society in the past with my own and contribute to a discussion of the similarities and differences.


How did it look?

There is a vivid description of this City written by Plato (a Greek Philosopher) in which Atlantis was described as an island consisting mostly of mountains in the northern portions. A great plain, in an oblong shape in the South that encompassed the island was spread 555 km long and 370 km wide. The city of Atlantis sat just outside the outer ring of water and spread across the plain, covering a circle of 17 km. This was a densely populated area where the majority of the population lived.

An Artist&rsquos Rendition of Atlantis


How Old Is ‘This’ Atlantis then?

Tim Akers said: “The site is spread over 100 miles from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean, as to age as yet we have been unable to give a fixed date for the beginning, but its end was at the last Ice Age around 10,000 years ago.” He believes “At the centre of the line of coastal cities was one gigantic inland sea 65 miles long, filled with multiple islands, some natural, others man-made. The main complex consists of two distinct individual multi-Island platforms.”

What is more, “one is offset from the other so that anyone on those islands can see every island in the complex. It is unique, nowhere in our world is there anything resembling this, and the structures match exactly Plato's dimensions with no deviation. It is absolutely spot on.” Merlin Burrows have recorded a documentary film about their mission to reveal Atlantis called ‘Atlantica' in which their experts visit sites ‘they believe’ still show clues to the past people that once lived there, right up to the naming of the ancient town in the region Medina-Sidonia.” Believed to be the oldest city in Europe, the archaeologists said: “The site has both Tartessian, Greek, Phoenician, and Roman additions and our scans show multiple occupations over time till the final and ultimate destruction.”

While Tim Akers is confident that his company “only present the facts and try not to delve into speculation…” he had better really, really believe that, at the deepest most level of his being, for he is not just claiming to have found a lost city. No. This is much, much more. If a 100-mile ancient city, dating to 10,000-years-ago, is actually discovered, then our entire historical understanding of human’s path through time is incorrect. Entirely wrong.

If all this is indeed as the scientists claim, Atlantis, then author Graham Hancock has been right all along, an advanced civilization of human beings came to a cataclysmic end around 11,000 BC and every child who has walked into a history class has been sold a lie.

But let's hope this is not the case, and that this discovery of Atlantis is like the one made 8 weeks ago, and the two discovered in 2016, the one unearthed in 2009 and the 2 between 2003 - 2004. And similarly, to all of those previous “Atlantean” discoveries, this one is ‘not' being circulated on Science or Nature, or by ‘any’ other reputable academic communities.

Top image: A representation of what the lost city of Atlantis may look like ( diversepixel / Adobe Stock)


Watch the video: Legend of Atlantis Full Episode. Drain the Oceans (November 2021).