Maastricht, siege of, 23 February-3 March 1793
Maastricht, siege of, 19 September-4 November 1794
Mackinac Island, battle of, 17 July 1812
Madras, battle of, 2 November 1746
Madras raid, 22 September 1914
Madras, siege of, 14-21 September 1746
Madrid, siege of, 1-4 December 1808
Madu, siege of, 1499
Maeander, River, battle, 497 BC
Magdeburg, siege of, November 1630 to 20 May 1631
Magdeburg, siege, 23 October-11 November 1806
Magenta, battle of, 4 June 1859
Magersfontein, battle of, 11 December 1899
Magdhaba, action at, 23 December 1916
Magnano, battle of, 5 April 1799
Magnesia, battle of, 190 B.C.
Maguilla, combat of, 11 June 1812
Mainz, siege of, 19-21 October 1792
Mainz, siege of, 14 April-23 July 1793
Mainz, siege of, 14 December 1794-29 October 1795
Majalahonda, combat, 11 August 1812
Majuro, occupation of, 31 January 1944
Makin, battle for, Operation Galvanic (2), November 1943
Malatitze, battle of, 31 August 1708
Maldon, battle of, August 991
Malene, battle of, 494 BC
Mallen, action at, 13 June 1808
Maloyaroslavets, battle of, 24 October 1812
Malvern Hill, battle of, 1 July 1862
Manassas, 1st battle of, 21 July 1861
Manassas, 2nd battle of, 29-30 August 1862
Mannheim, siege, 10 October-22 November 1795
Manresa, combat of, 5 April 1810
Mansilla, battle of, 30 December 1808
Mansura, battle of, 8 February 1250 (Egypt)
Mantinea, battle of, 418 BC
Mantinea, battle of, 207 BC
Mantinea, siege of, 385 BC
Mantua, siege of, 4 June–30 July 1796 and 24 August 1796–2 February 1797
Manus, battle of, 12-25 March 1944
Manzikert, battle of, 1071 (Byzantine Empire)
Marathon, battle of, 12 September 490 BC
Marciano, battle of, 2 August 1554
Mared, battle of, 9 November 1563
Marengo, battle of, 14 June 1800
Marengo, combat of, 13 June 1800
Mareth, battle of, 20-26 March 1943
Margalef, combat of, 23 April 1810
Marghinan, battle of, 1499
Marignano/ Melegnano, battle of, 13-14 September 1515
Market Garden, Operation September 17 - 27 1944
Marne, first battle of the, 5-10 September 1914 (France)
Marne, second battle of the, 15 July to 17 July or 5 August 1918
Marshall Islands Campaign (31 January-22 February 1944)
Marston Moor, battle of, 2 July 1644
Martinique, battle of 25 June 1667
Martlet, Operation, 25-27 June 1944
Mas-d'Ru, combat of, 19 May 1793
Maserfelth, battle of, 5 August 641
Massilia, naval battles of, 49 BC
Massilia, siege, March-September 49 BC
Masurian Lakes, First Battle of 9-14 September 1914, (East Prussia)
Masurian Lakes, Second battle of the, 7-21 February 1915
Mataro, storm of, of 17 June 1808
Maubeuge, siege, mid-September-17 October 1793
Maubeuge, siege of, 25 August-7 September 1914
Mauron, 14 August 1352, battle of (Brittany)
Maxen, battle of, 20 November 1759
Maya, battle of, 27 March 1333
Maya, battle of, 25 July 1813
McDowell, Battle of, 8 May 1862
Meaux, Surprise of, September 1567
Mechanicsville, battle of, 26 June 1862
Medellin, battle of, 28 March 1809
Medellin Campaign , March 1809
Medenine, battle of, 6 March 1943
Medina del Rio Seco, battle of, 14 July 1808
Medway, battle of, 43 A.D.
Medway, Dutch raid on, 19-24 June 1667
Megara, battle of, 409/408 BC
Megiddo, battle of, 19-25 September 1918
Melegnano, battle of, 8 June 1859
Memphis, naval battle of, 6 June 1862
Memphis, navies at the battle of, 6 June 1862
Memphis, siege, early 525 BC
Menin, battle of, 13 September 1793
Menin, battle of, 15 September 1793
Menin, siege of, 27-30 April 1794
Menin Road Ridge, Battle of the, 20-25 September 1917
Mensignac, battle of, 25 October 1568
Mequinenza, siege of, 15 May-18 June 1810
Mergentheim, battle of, 2 May 1645
Mersa Brega or El Agheila, battle of, 12-18 December 1942
Mersa Matruh, battle of, 26-28 June 1942
Messana, 264 B.C., siege of
Messines, battle of, 12 October-2 November 1914
Messines, battle of, 7 June 1917
Metaurus, battle of, 22 June 207 BC
Methone, siege of, late 355 - early 354 BC
Methymne, siege of, 406 BC
Metz, siege, October 1552-January 1553
Meuse River-Argonne Forest Offensive, 26 September-11 November 1918
Mevania, battle of, 308 BC
Mewe, battle of, 22 September and 29 September-1 October 1626
Meza de Ibor, combat of, 17 March 1809
MG1, Operation, 19-27 March 1942
Miajadas, combat of 21 March 1809
Michelberg, combat of, 16 October 1805
Midway, battle of, June 1942 (Pacific Ocean)
Midway: Turning Point in the Pacific Campaign 3 - 7 June 1942 (Longer article)
Milazzo, battle of, 20 July 1860 b
Miletus, battle of, 412 BC
Miletus, siege, 494 BC
Miletus, siege of, 412 BC
Millesimo, battle of, 13-14 April 1796
Mill Springs or Logan Cross Roads, 19 January 1862
Milliken’s Bend, battle of, 7 June 1863
Milne Bay, battle of, 25 August-7 September 1942
Minden, battle of, 1 August 1759 (Germany)
Mingolsheim, battle of, 27 April 1622
Mire, the, battle of, 1365
Misarella, Soult’s passage of the, 17 May 1809
Mislata, combat of, 26 December 1811
Missionary Ridge, battle of, 25 November 1863
Mobile Bay, battle of, 5 August 1864
Möckern, battle of, 5 April 1813
Modder River, battle of, 28 November 1899
Modderspruit or Rietfontein, battle of, 24 October 1899
Mogilev, battle of, 23 July 1812
Mohrungen, combat of, 25 January 1807
Molina, siege of, 26 September-27 October 1811
Molins del Rey, battle of, 21 December 1808
Mollwitz, battle of, 10 April 1741
Mondovi, battle of, 21 April 1796
Mondovi, combat of, 28 September 1799
Monmouth, battle of, 28 June 1778
Monongahela, battle of the, 9 July 1755 (America)
Mons, battle of, 23 August 1914
Montebello, battle of, 20 May 1859
Montenotte, battle of, 12 April 1796
Montereau, battle of, 18 February 1814
Montgomery, battle of, 17 September 1644
Mont Louis, combat of, 5 September 1793
Montmartre or Paris, battle of, 30 March 1814
Mora, combat of, 18 February 1809
Morat, battle of, 22 June 1476 (Switzerland)
Morgarten, battle of, November 1314 (Switzerland)
Morgenluft, Operation, 16-18 February 1943
Moncontour, battle of, 3 October 1569
Monocacy River, battle of, 9 July 1864
Morotai, battle of, 15 September to 4 October 1944
Mons Badonicus, battle of, c.500
Mons Graupius, battle of, 83 AD
Montmirail, battle of, 11 February 1814
Montreal, siege of, 21 September-October 1171
Morbihan Gulf / Quiberon Bay, battle of, late summer 56 B.C.
Mormant, engagement of, 17 February 1814
Moro River, battle of, 4 December 1943-4 January 1944
Mortimer's Cross, battle of, 2 February 1461
Morval, battle of, 25-28 September 1916
Motyum, battle of, 451 BC
Motyum, siege of, 451 BC
Mount Falernus, battle of, 90 BC
Mount Gaurus, battle of, 343
Mount Hiei, siege of, 1571
Mount Kita, combat of, 16 May 1809
Mount Tifata/ Casilinum, battle of, 83 BC
Mount Uhud, battle of, 23rd March 625 AD
Mouscron, battle of, 29 April 1794
Müchengrätz, battle of, 28 June 1866
Mulhouse, battle of, 7-9 August 1914
Muluccha River, siege near, 106 BC
Munda, battle of, 2 July-5 August 1943
Munfordville, Kentucky, Confederate capture of, 13-17 September 1862
Munychia, battle of, 403 BC
Murfreesborough or Stone River, battle of, 31 December 1862-2 January 1863
Muthul River, battle of, 109 BC
Mylae, battle of, 260 BC
Mynydd Carn, battle of, 1081
Myonnesus, battle of, 190 B.C.
Mytilene, siege of, 428-427 BC
Mytilene, siege of, 406 BC
Myton, battle of, 1319
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Panipat district was carved out from the erstwhile Karnal district on 1 November 1989. On 24 July 1991 it was again merged with Karnal district. On 1 January 1992, it again became a separate district.
Panipat was the scene of three pivotal battles in Indian history. The First Battle of Panipat was fought on 21 April 1526 between Ibrahim Lodhi, the Afghan Sultan of Delhi, and the Turko-Mongol warlord Babur, who later established Mughal rule in Northern Indian subcontinent. Babur's force defeated Ibrahim's much larger force of over one lakh (one hundred thousand) soldiers. This first battle of Panipat thus ended the 'Lodi Rule' established by Bahlul Lodhi in Delhi. This battle marked the beginning of Mughal rule in India.
The Second Battle of Panipat was fought on 5 November 1556 between the forces of Akbar and Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, the last Hindu emperor of Delhi.   Hem Chandra, who had captured states like Agra and Delhi defeating Akbar's army and declared himself as independent king after a coronation on 7 October 1556 at Purana Qila in Delhi, had a large army, and initially his forces were winning, but suddenly he was struck by an arrow in the eye and fell unconscious. On not seeing him in his howdah on the back of an elephant, his army fled. The unconscious Hemu was carried to Akbar's camp where Bairam Khan beheaded him.  His head was sent to Kabul to be hanged outside Delhi Darwaza, and his torso was hanged outside Purana Quila in Delhi. The place of martyrdom of Raja Hemu is now a famous shrine in Panipat.
Panipat is listed in the Ain-i-Akbari as a pargana under Delhi sarkar, producing a revenue of 10,756,647 dams for the imperial treasury and supplying a force of 1000 infantry and 100 cavalry. It had a brick fort at the time which was also mentioned. 
The Third Battle of Panipat was fought on 14 January 1761 between the Maratha Empire and the Afghan and Baloch invaders. The Maratha Empire forces were led by Sadashivrao Bhau and the Afghans were led by Ahmad Shah Abdali. The Afghans had a total strength of 110,000 soldiers, and the Marathas had 75,000 soldiers and 100,000 pilgrims. The Maratha soldiers were unable to get food because of non-cooperation of other empires of India. Both the sides fought their heart out. The Afghans were supported by Najib-ud-Daula and Shuja-ud-Daula for the supply of food, and the Maratha had pilgrims along with them, who were unable to fight, including female pilgrims. On 14 January, over 100,000 soldiers died resulting in the victory for the Afghans. However, after the victory, the Afghans facing a hostile North India, retreated to Afghanistan to avoid casualties. This battle served as a precursor for the East India Company to establish Company rule in India as most of North and Northwest Indian princely states were weakened. 
As per 2011 census, the city had a population of 294,292.  Panipat's urban agglomeration had a population of 295,970. The literacy rate was about 83%. 
Hemu's Samadhi Sthal Edit
The wounded Hemu was captured by Shah Quli Khan in the Second Battle of Panipat and carried to the Mughal camp at Shodapur on Jind Road at Panipat.  According to Badayuni,  Bairam Khan asked Akbar to behead Hemu so that he could earn the title of Ghazi. Akbar replied, "He is already dead, if he had any strength for a duel, I would have killed him." After Akbar's refusal Hemu's body was denied honour by the Mughal battle tradition and was unceremoniously beheaded by Bairam Khan. Hemu's head was sent to Kabul where it was hung outside the Delhi Darwaza while his body was placed in a gibbet outside Purana Quila in Delhi to terrorise his supporters, who were mainly his subjects, both the Muslims and Hindus. 
Ibrahim Lodhi's Tomb Edit
It was one of Sher Shah Suri's dying regrets that he could never fulfill his intention of erecting a tomb to the fallen monarch Ibrahim Lodhi. Much later, in 1866, the British relocated the tomb which was just a simple grave during construction of the Grand Trunk Road and added a platform to it with an inscription highlighting Ibrahim Lodhi's death in the Battle of Panipat.   
Babur's Kabuli Bagh Mosque Edit
The garden of Kabuli Bagh along with the Kabuli Bagh Mosque and a tank were built by Babur after the First Battle of Panipat to commemorate his victory over Ibrahim Lodhi. Some years later when Humayun defeated Sher Shah Suri near Panipat, he added a masonry Platform to it and called it 'Chabutra" Fateh Mubarak, bearing the inscription 934 Hijri (1557 CE). These buildings and the garden still exist under the name of Kabuli Bagh called so after Babur's wife – Mussammat Kabuli begum.
Kala Amb Edit
According to tradition, the site 8 km from Panipat and 42 km from Karnal, where Sadashiv Rao Bhau commanded his Maratha forces during the third battle of Panipat was marked by a black Mango Tree (Kala Amb) which has since disappeared. The dark colour of its foliage was probably the origin of the name. The site has a brick Pillar with an iron rod and the structure is surrounded by an iron fence. The site is being developed and beautified by a society presided over by the Governor of Haryana.
The term ‘'Panipat Syndrome'’ has entered the lexicon as the lack of strategic thinking, preparedness and decisive action by Indian leaders thus allowing an invading army to enter well inside their territory. This is based on the fact that in the three battles fought here, the defending armies were decisively defeated each time. It was coined by Air Commodore Jasjit Singh.    
National Highway 44 (India) is a major road network that connects Panipat to Grand Trunk road network. 
Panipat is connected to all major Indian cities via Panipat Junction railway station 
Battle Index: M - History
Reno, Marcus A., 1835-1889, (Marcus Albert) / The official record of a court of inquiry convened at Chicago, Illinois, January 13, 1879, by the President of the United States upon the request of Major Marcus A. Reno, 7th U.S. Cavalry, to investigate his conduct at the Battle of the Little Big Horn, June 25-26, 1876
Copyright 1951 by W. A. Graham.| For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright
© This compilation (including design, introductory text, organization, and descriptive material) is copyrighted by University of Wisconsin System Board of Regents.
This copyright is independent of any copyright on specific items within the collection. Because the University of Wisconsin Libraries generally do not own the rights to materials in these collections, please consult copyright or ownership information provided with individual items.
Images, text, or other content downloaded from the collection may be freely used for non-profit educational and research purposes, or any other use falling within the purview of "Fair Use".
In all other cases, please consult the terms provided with the item, or contact the Libraries.
Battle Index: M - History
-History of H.M.S. Hood-
Force H Documentation Resource
Here you will find information related to Hood's involvement with Force "H" in June and July 1940. During this timeframe, Force H was involved in various action against against the Italian Regia Marina in the Mediterranean. It was also responsible for executing the highly distasteful destruction of the French fleet at Oran/Mers El-Kebir, Algeria.
ADM 199-391: Force "H" War Diaries
The official Admiralty war diary of Force H during Hood's time of involvement
The Battle of Oran
A firsthand account of the action written by Royal Marine Band Corporal Walter Rees, of H.M.S. Hood.
Destruction of the French Fleet at Mers El-Kebir, 03 July 1940
A firsthand account of the action written by Paymaster Sub-Lieutenant Ronald G. Phillips, of H.M.S. Hood.
Efforts to Return Mers El Kebir/Oran Dead to France
Information on the drive to get the dead of Mers El-Kebir returned to France
On the battle map, there are different types of terrain. Forest, bushes, rocks, small hills, plains and swamps are some of them. Terrain has two different effects in the game: Firstly, it affects movement. Water areas are impassable, and other types of terrain costs extra movement points when they are crossed. On the other hand, terrain can give battle bonuses: light melee units get defense bonuses in bushes and forests, heavy melee units are better protected in plains, long-range units receive an attack bonus when they shoot from hills, whereas those with short range attacks deal more damage standing on rocks. Only fast units do not receive benefits through the terrain.
Battle Index: M - History
By Professor Robert K. Brigham, Vassar College
According to the terms of the Geneva Accords, Vietnam would hold national elections in 1956 to reunify the country. The division at the seventeenth parallel, a temporary separation without cultural precedent, would vanish with the elections. The United States, however, had other ideas. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles did not support the Geneva Accords because he thought they granted too much power to the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Instead, Dulles and President Dwight D. Eisenhower supported the creation of a counter-revolutionary alternative south of the seventeenth parallel. The United States supported this effort at nation-building through a series of multilateral agreements that created the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
South Vietnam Under Ngo Dinh Diem
Using SEATO for political cover, the Eisenhower administration helped create a new nation from dust in southern Vietnam. In 1955, with the help of massive amounts of American military, political, and economic aid, the Government of the Republic of Vietnam (GVN or South Vietnam) was born. The following year, Ngo Dinh Diem, a staunchly anti-Communist figure from the South, won a dubious election that made him president of the GVN. Almost immediately, Diem claimed that his newly created government was under attack from Communists in the north. Diem argued that the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV or North Vietnam) wanted to take South Vietnam by force. In late 1957, with American military aid, Diem began to counterattack. He used the help of the American Central Intelligence Agency to identify those who sought to bring his government down and arrested thousands. Diem passed a repressive series of acts known as Law 10/59 that made it legal to hold someone in jail if s/he was a suspected Communist without bringing formal charges.
The outcry against Diem's harsh and oppressive actions was immediate. Buddhist monks and nuns were joined by students, business people, intellectuals, and peasants in opposition to the corrupt rule of Ngo Dinh Diem. The more these forces attacked Diem's troops and secret police, the more Diem complained that the Communists were trying to take South Vietnam by force. This was, in Diem's words, "a hostile act of aggression by North Vietnam against peace-loving and democratic South Vietnam."
The Kennedy administration seemed split on how peaceful or democratic the Diem regime really was. Some Kennedy advisers believed Diem had not instituted enough social and economic reforms to remain a viable leader in the nation-building experiment. Others argued that Diem was the "best of a bad lot." As the White House met to decide the future of its Vietnam policy, a change in strategy took place at the highest levels of the Communist Party.
From 1956-1960, the Communist Party of Vietnam desired to reunify the country through political means alone. Accepting the Soviet Union's model of political struggle, the Communist Party tried unsuccessfully to cause Diem's collapse by exerting tremendous internal political pressure. After Diem's attacks on suspected Communists in the South, however, southern Communists convinced the Party to adopt more violent tactics to guarantee Diem's downfall. At the Fifteenth Party Plenum in January 1959, the Communist Party finally approved the use of revolutionary violence to overthrow Ngo Dinh Diem's government and liberate Vietnam south of the seventeenth parallel. In May 1959, and again in September 1960, the Party confirmed its use of revolutionary violence and the combination of the political and armed struggle movements. The result was the creation of a broad-based united front to help mobilize southerners in opposition to the GVN.
The character of the NLF and its relationship to the Communists in Hanoi has caused considerable debate among scholars, anti-war activists, and policymakers. From the birth of the NLF, government officials in Washington claimed that Hanoi directed the NLF's violent attacks against the Saigon regime. In a series of government "White Papers," Washington insiders denounced the NLF, claiming that it was merely a puppet of Hanoi and that its non-Communist elements were Communist dupes. The NLF, on the other hand, argued that it was autonomous and independent of the Communists in Hanoi and that it was made up mostly of non-Communists. Many anti-war activists supported the NLF's claims. Washington continued to discredit the NLF, however, calling it the "Viet Cong," a derogatory and slang term meaning Vietnamese Communist.
December 1961 White Paper
In 1961, President Kennedy sent a team to Vietnam to report on conditions in the South and to assess future American aid requirements. The report, now known as the "December 1961 White Paper," argued for an increase in military, technical, and economic aid, and the introduction of large-scale American "advisers" to help stabilize the Diem regime and crush the NLF. As Kennedy weighed the merits of these recommendations, some of his other advisers urged the president to withdraw from Vietnam altogether, claiming that it was a "dead-end alley."
Throughout the fall and into the winter of 1964, the Johnson administration debated the correct strategy in Vietnam. The Joint Chiefs of Staff wanted to expand the air war over the DRV quickly to help stabilize the new Saigon regime. The civilians in the Pentagon wanted to apply gradual pressure to the Communist Party with limited and selective bombings. Only Undersecretary of State George Ball dissented, claiming that Johnson's Vietnam policy was too provocative for its limited expected results. In early 1965, the NLF attacked two U.S. army installations in South Vietnam, and as a result, Johnson ordered the sustained bombing missions over the DRV that the Joint Chiefs of Staff had long advocated.
Nixon's secret plan, it turned out, was borrowing from a strategic move from Lyndon Johnson's last year in office. The new president continued a process called "Vietnamization", an awful term that implied that Vietnamese were not fighting and dying in the jungles of Southeast Asia. This strategy brought American troops home while increasing the air war over the DRV and relying more on the ARVN for ground attacks. The Nixon years also saw the expansion of the war into neighboring Laos and Cambodia, violating the international rights of these countries in secret campaigns, as the White House tried desperately to rout out Communist sanctuaries and supply routes. The intense bombing campaigns and intervention in Cambodia in late April 1970 sparked intense campus protests all across America. At Kent State in Ohio, four students were killed by National Guardsmen who were called out to preserve order on campus after days of anti-Nixon protest. Shock waves crossed the nation as students at Jackson State in Mississippi were also shot and killed for political reasons, prompting one mother to cry, "They are killing our babies in Vietnam and in our own backyard."
The expanded air war did not deter the Communist Party, however, and it continued to make hard demands in Paris. Nixon's Vietnamization plan temporarily quieted domestic critics, but his continued reliance on an expanded air war to provide cover for an American retreat angered U.S. citizens. By the early fall 1972, U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and DRV representatives Xuan Thuy and Le Duc Tho had hammered out a preliminary peace draft. Washington and Hanoi assumed that its southern allies would naturally accept any agreement drawn up in Paris, but this was not to pass. The leaders in Saigon, especially President Nguyen van Thieu and Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky, rejected the Kissinger-Tho peace draft, demanding that no concessions be made. The conflict intensified in December 1972, when the Nixon administration unleashed a series of deadly bombing raids against targets in the DRV's largest cities, Hanoi and Haiphong. These attacks, now known as the Christmas bombings, brought immediate condemnation from the international community and forced the Nixon administration to reconsider its tactics and negotiation strategy.
The Paris Peace Agreement
In early January 1973, the Nixon White House convinced the Thieu-Ky regime in Saigon that they would not abandon the GVN if they signed onto the peace accord. On January 23, therefore, the final draft was initialed, ending open hostilities between the United States and the DRV. The Paris Peace Agreement did not end the conflict in Vietnam, however, as the Thieu-Ky regime continued to battle Communist forces. From March 1973 until the fall of Saigon on April 30, 1975, ARVN forces tried desperately to save the South from political and military collapse. The end finally came, however, as DRV tanks rolled south along National Highway One. On the morning of April 30, Communist forces captured the presidential palace in Saigon, ending the Second Indochina War.
Richard M. Johnson
Richard Mentor Johnson was a military and political figure in the American Midwest in the early years of the new nation. He was born in Kentucky on October 17, 1781. Trained as a lawyer, Johnson had a long and successful political career, first serving in the Kentucky legislature in 1804. He also represented his state in both the U. S. House of Representatives (1807-1819, 1829-1837) and the Senate (1819-1829). Ultimately, Johnson was elected as Vice President of the United States, serving under President Martin Van Buren from 1837 to 1841. He died in 1850.
In Ohio history, Johnson is known more for his military experiences than for his political career. He served as colonel of the Kentucky volunteers during the Battle of the Thames on October 5, 1813, where some accounts at the time gave him credit for killing the Shawnee chief Tecumseh. Johnson used this fame in his campaign for the vice-presidency as a Democrat in 1836, running on the slogan "Rumseh dumseh, Johnson killed Tecumseh."
The Race to the Rhine: How the U.S. 79th Division Took Down the Nazis
In World War II, the U.S. Army’s 79th Infantry Division slugged its way through one Nazi stronghold after another
A Hep Cat in Patton’s Army
Dave Brubeck’s career as a jazz icon was powerfully shaped by his experiences as a soldier-musician in World War II
The Acclaimed British EM-2 Rifle Was Built by a Polish Immigrant
The weapon he produced included modern features that taken together broke the mold for a standard service rifle
The 9 Most Memorable Surprise Attacks that Caught the Enemy Off Guard
These memorable instances of cunning and ingenuity demonstrate that, in warfare, there’s nothing like catching the enemy off guard
When a building texture is loaded the game will search for any applicable variants in the mod-folder and then the main-folder. These can include faction variants, winter variants, or 'culture' variants. Note that the 'culture' variants are actually called according to which climate the settlement is in, and are nothing to do with the culture of the settlement/builder/occupier. You can view the paths it is searching by looking at a log file on *trace setting.
For all climates except the four listed below the paths searched for a winter battle will be
mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/winter/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/winter/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/winter/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/winter/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/texture_name.texture
For the Mediterranean climate the paths for a winter battle (if the climate has winter setting) will be
mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/variations/south_european/winter/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/variations/south_european/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/winter/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/variations/south_european/winter/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/variations/south_european/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/winter/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/variations/south_european/winter/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/variations/south_european/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/winter/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/variations/south_european/winter/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/variations/south_european/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/winter/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/texture_name.texture
For the semi-arid, sandy_desert & rocky_desert climates the paths for a winter battle (if the climate has winter setting) will be the same as above but using middle_eastern instead of SE
mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/variations/middle_eastern/winter/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/variations/middle_eastern/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/winter/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/variations/middle_eastern/winter/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/variations/middle_eastern/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/winter/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/variations/middle_eastern/winter/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/variations/middle_eastern/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/faction_variations/faction_name/winter/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/variations/middle_eastern/winter/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/variations/middle_eastern/texture_name.texture data/BlockSet/Textures/winter/texture_name.texture mods/mod_name/data/BlockSet/Textures/texture_name.texture
Summer battles are similar - but without the lines referencing /winter/ folders