Ernst Torgler

Ernst Torgler was born in Berlin on 25th April 1893. His father worked as a labourer in the local gasworks. His mother was active in politics and was a friend of August Bebel and he grew up as a socialist. He left school at 14 and held a variety of different jobs before becoming an accountant. In 1910 he joined the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and during the First World War he served in the German Army . (1)

In April, 1917, left-wing members of the SDP, including Karl Liebknecht, Kurt Eisner, Karl Kautsky, Emil Barth, Julius Leber, Ernst Toller, Ernst Thälmann, Rudolf Breitscheild, Emil Eichhorn, and Rudolf Hilferding, formed the Independent Socialist Party (USPD).

In 1920 Torgler joined the German Communist Party (KPD). He became a town councillor before being elected to the Reichstag in December 1924. Torgler became deputy chairman of the KPD in 1927 and chairman in 1929. At the time he was described as being "tall, good-looking man in his early forties." (2) Another source claimed that he was "affable and popular". (3) Torgler was considered to be a formidable debater and was known for his "biting sarcasm and his criticism of the tyranny of fascism." (4)

In January, 1933, Adolf Hitler, became Chancellor of Germany. Attempts were made to form a united front alliance between the SDP and KPD. Torgler rejected the idea as he believed that after the Nazi Party assumed power in "four weeks the whole working class will be united under the leadership of the Communist Party". (5)

Joseph Goebbels wrote in his diary on 31st January, 1933, about the plans to deal with the KPD: "During discussions with the Führer we drew up the plans of battle against the red terror. For the time being, we decided against any direct countermeasures. The Bolshevik rebellion must first of all flare up; only then shall we hit back." (6)

The Gestapo raided Communist headquarters on 24th February, 1933. Hermann Göring claimed that he had found "barrels of incriminating material concerning plans for a world revolution". (7) However, the alleged subversive documents were never published and it is assumed that in reality the Nazi government had not discovered anything of any importance. (8)

On 27th February, 1933, the Reichstag caught fire. It was reported at ten o'clock when a Berlin resident telephoned the police and said: "The dome of the Reichstag building is burning in brilliant flames." The Berlin Fire Department arrived minutes later and although the main structure was fireproof, the wood-paneled halls and rooms were already burning. (9)

Göring, who had been at work in the nearby Prussian Ministry of the Interior, was quickly on the scene. Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels arrived soon after. So also did Rudolf Diels, the head of the Gestapo: "Shortly after my arrival in the burning Reichstag, the National Socialist elite had arrived. On a balcony jutting out of the chamber, Hitler and his trusty followers were assembled." Göring told him: "This is the beginning of the Communist Revolt, they will start their attack now! Not a moment must be lost. There will be no mercy now. Anyone who stands in our way will be cut down. The German people will not tolerate leniency. Every communist official will be shot where he is found. Everybody in league with the Communists must be arrested. There will also no longer be leniency for social democrats." (10)

Marinus van der Lubbe was arrested in the building. He was a 24 year-old vagrant and was a former member of the Communist Party of the Netherlands. (11) Van der Lubbe was immediately interviewed by the Gestapo. According to Rudolf Diels: "A few of my department were already engaged in interrogating Marinus Van der Lubbe. Naked from the waist upwards, smeared with dirt and sweating, he sat in front of them, breathing heavily. He panted as if he had completed a tremendous task. There was a wild triumphant gleam in the burning eyes of his pale, haggard young face." (12)

Hitler gave orders that all leaders of the German Communist Party (KPD) should "be hanged that very night." Paul von Hindenburg vetoed this decision but did agree that Hitler should take "dictatorial powers". Orders were given for all KPD members of the Reichstag to be arrested. Torgler heard on the radio that he was thought to be one of those who had set fire to the building. After a number of telephone conversations, Torgler decided to report to the police. "He knew that he would have no difficulty in proving his complete innocence." (13)

Ernst Torgler was arrested and was interviewed by the Gestapo. He was able to give details of having left the Reichstag building at 8.15 p.m. and arriving at the Aschinger Restaurant at 8.30 p.m. Witnesses confirmed this but his alibi was rejected and he was placed in custody and for the next seven months he was "fettered day and night". (14) Torgler complained: "It was left to the warders' discretion either to tighten our chains until the blood circulation was gravely impeded, and the skin broke, or else to take pity on us and to loosen the chains by one notch." (15)

Hermann Göring insisted that Torgler should not be released as he was convinced that he was responsible for planning the fire: "The record of Communist crimes was already so long and their offence so atrocious that I was in any case resolved to use all the powers at my disposal in order ruthlessly to wipe out this plague". (16)

According to Detective-Inspector Walter Zirpins, who was given the task of investigating the fire, "three eye-witnesses saw van der Lubbe in the company of Torgler... before the fire. In view of van der Lubbe's striking appearance, it is impossible for all three to have been wrong." As a result Torgler was charged with being involved in the Reichstag Fire. (17)

While in prison awaiting trial Torgler was supplied with information that suggested that Hermann Göring, Joseph Goebbels and Ernst Röhm, were involved in starting the fire. He refused to believe the story: "Van der Lubbe and old acquaintance of Röhm and on his list of catamites? Could Goebbels really have planned the fire, and could Göring, standing, as it were, at the entrance of the underground tunnel, really have supervised the whole thing?" (18)

Kurt Rosenfeld, had been Torgler's lawyer for many years. However, like other socialists and communists in Germany, fled the country when the Nazi government began arresting left-wing opponents of the regime and sending them to concentration camps. In August 1933, Torgler was forced to employ a lawyer, Alfons Sack, who was a member of the Nazi Party. (19)

Sack hesitated about defending Torgler as he was aware that if he did a good job, and his client was found not guilty, he faced the possibility of imprisonment. "I was concerned with only one question: is the man guilty or is he innocent? Only if I could be reasonably certain that Torgler had entered politics for idealistic reasons and not for selfish motives and that he had never made personal capital out of his political beliefs, would I find it within me to accept his defence." Sack eventually came to the conclusion that Torgler was telling the truth. (20)

Ernst Torgler, Marinus van der Lubbe, Georgi Dimitrov, Blagoi Popov and Vassili Tanev, were indicted on charges of setting the Reichstag on fire. The trial began on 21st September, 1933. The presiding judge was Judge Dr. Wilhelm Bürger of the Supreme Court. The accused were charged with arson and with attempting to overthrow the government. (21)

Douglas Reed, a journalist working for The Times, described the defendants in court. "A being (Marinus van der Lubbe) of almost imbecile appearance, with a shock of tousled hair hanging far over his eyes, clad in the hideous dungarees of the convicted criminal, with chains around his waist and wrists, shambling with sunken head between his custodians - the incendiary taken in the act. Four men in decent civilian clothes, with intelligence written on every line of their features, who gazed somberly but levelly at their fellow men across the wooden railing which symbolized the great gulf fixed between captivity and freedom.... Torgler, last seen by many of those present railing at the Nazis from the tribune of the Reichstag, bore the marks of great suffering on his fine and sensitive face. Dimitrov, whose quality the Court had yet to learn, took his place as a free man among free men; there was nothing downcast in his bold and even defiant air. Little Tanev had not long since attempted suicide, and his appearance still showed what he had been through, Popov, as ever, was quiet and introspective." (22)

On the opening day of the trial Torgler received a message from Wilhelm Pieck, the leader of the German Communist Party (KPD) in exile. It said that he was to take the first opportunity to "disown Dr. Sack as an agent of Hitler". He was also told to state in court that Hermann Göring and Joseph Goebbels had set the Reichstag on fire. "I argued with myself for at least twenty-four hours. If I compiled, I would cause a sensation and that would make an extremely good headline. But what would happen to me?" Torgler concluded that if he did this he was "signing his own death warrant" and decided to allow Sack to defend him in court. (23)

The main witness against Torgler was Gustav Lebermann, who was at the time serving a prison sentence for theft and fraud. In court he alleged that he had first met Torgler in Hamburg on 25th October 1931. He was told to prepare for a "big job" in the future. On 6th March, 1933, Torgler offered him 14,000 marks, if he set fire to the Reichstag building. Lebermann claimed that when he refused Torgler punched him in the abdomen.

Torgler told the court: "All I can say regarding this evidence is how astonished I am that anyone should utter such lies before the highest Court of the land. I have never seen this man in my life. I have never been in Hamburg for any length of time, and when I did go to Hamburg it was merely to attend meetings of the Union of Post Office Workers... Not a single word the witness has spoken is true. Everything he says is a lie, from start to finish." (24)

Berthold Karwahne, Stefan Kroyer and Kurt Frey all testified that they saw Torgler with Marinus van der Lubbe. However, they were all senior officials in the Nazi Party and very few people believed their stories. Torgler, claimed that the man they thought was Van der Lubbe, was a journalist, Walther Oehme. When he was interviewed by the Gestapo, he denied that he met Torgler at the time. However, on the 28th October, he testified that he had been wrong and had in fact, been with Torgler at the time he had originally stated. This incensed the Public Prosecutor, who realised that the court was now unlikely to convict him. (25)

On 23rd December, 1933, Judge Wilhelm Bürger announced that Marinus van der Lubbe was guilty of "arson and with attempting to overthrow the government". Bürger concluded that the German Communist Party (KPD) had indeed planned the fire in order to start a revolution, but the evidence against Ernst Torgler, Georgi Dimitrov, Blagoi Popov and Vassili Tanev, was insufficient to justify a conviction. (26)

The Nazi daily newspaper, Völkischer Beobachter, condemned the verdict as a miscarriage of justice "that demonstrates the need for a thoroughgoing reform of our legal life, which in many ways still moves along the outmoded liberalistic thought that is foreign to the people". (27)

Adolf Hitler was furious that the rest of the defendants were acquitted and he decided that in future all treason cases were taken from the Supreme Court and given to a new People's Court, set up on 24th April 1934, where prisoners were judged by members of the Nazi Party. It was also announced that Ernst Thalmann, the leader of the KPD, had been charged with planning a revolutionary uprising. (28)

Ernst Torgler was placed into "protective custody" by the police. The KPD leadership in exile stripped Torgler of his party membership for refusing to follow party orders in the way he behaved in court. His lawyer, Alfons Sack, was also imprisoned and according to Rudolf Diels, the head of the Gestapo "he was kept behind bars for some considerable time, ostensibly so that he could 'adjust' his views." (29)

Torgler argued that after being expelled from the KPD he felt he was "without friends". In June 1940, Torgler began working for the Nazi Propaganda Ministry. In 1941, Torgler worked in Czechoslovakia on the staff of Reinhard Heydrich. Torgler was suspected of being involved in the July Plot, when an attempt was made to assassinate Adolf Hitler. However, he was not arrested and in 1945 he was an administrator in Poland. (30)

After the war Torgler attempted to rejoin the German Communist Party (KPD) but his application was rejected and he became a member of the Social Democratic Party (SDP).

Ernst Torgler died on 19th January 1963.

A being (Marinus van der Lubbe) of almost imbecile appearance, with a shock of tousled hair hanging far over his eyes, clad in the hideous dungarees of the convicted criminal, with chains around his waist and wrists, shambling with sunken head between his custodians - the incendiary taken in the act. Four men in decent civilian clothes, with intelligence written on every line of their features, who gazed sombrely but levelly at their fellow men across the wooden railing which symbolized the great gulf fixed between captivity and freedom.... Little Tanev had not long since attempted suicide, and his appearance still showed what he had been through, Popov, as ever, was quiet and introspective.

I was concerned with only one question: is the man guilty or is he innocent? Only if I could be reasonably certain that Torgler had entered politics for idealistic reasons and not for selfish motives and that he had never made personal capital out of his political beliefs, would I find it within me to accept his defence.

The message said: "The Central Committee asks you to take the first opportunity to disown Dr. Added was a rather stilted paragraph instructing me to tell the Court that Goebbels and Göring had set the Reichstag on fire. The thing was signed by Wilhelm Pieck. I argued with myself for at least twenty-four hours. But what would happen to me?

I had fallen between two stools: Fascism and Bolshevism... If I really told the Court that Göring and Goebbels had set the Reichstag on fire - without being able to produce a shadow of a proof for this allegation - was I not simply signing my own death warrant?

Adolf Hitler's Early Life (Answer Commentary)

Adolf Hitler and the First World War (Answer Commentary)

Adolf Hitler and the German Workers' Party (Answer Commentary)

Sturmabteilung (SA) (Answer Commentary)

Adolf Hitler and the Beer Hall Putsch (Answer Commentary)

Adolf Hitler the Orator (Answer Commentary)

An Assessment of the Nazi-Soviet Pact (Answer Commentary)

British Newspapers and Adolf Hitler (Answer Commentary)

Lord Rothermere, Daily Mail and Adolf Hitler (Answer Commentary)

Adolf Hitler v John Heartfield (Answer Commentary)

The Hitler Youth (Answer Commentary)

German League of Girls (Answer Commentary)

Night of the Long Knives (Answer Commentary)

The Political Development of Sophie Scholl (Answer Commentary)

The White Rose Anti-Nazi Group (Answer Commentary)

Kristallnacht (Answer Commentary)

Heinrich Himmler and the SS (Answer Commentary)

Trade Unions in Nazi Germany (Answer Commentary)

Hitler's Volkswagen (The People's Car) (Answer Commentary)

Women in Nazi Germany (Answer Commentary)

The Assassination of Reinhard Heydrich (Answer Commentary)

The Last Days of Adolf Hitler (Answer Commentary)

(1) Louis L. Snyder, Encyclopedia of the Third Reich (1998) page 349

(2) Benjamin Carter Hett, Burning the Reichstag: An Investigation into the Third Reich's Enduring Mystery (2014) page 77

(3) Fritz Tobias, The Reichstag Fire: Legend and Truth (1963) page 23

(4) Louis L. Snyder, Encyclopedia of the Third Reich (1998) page 349

(5) Konrad Heiden, Hitler: A Biography (1936) page 432

(6) Joseph Goebbels, diary entry (31st January 1933)

(7) Ernst Hanfstaengel, Hitler: The Missing Years (1957) page 200

(8) A. J. P. Taylor, History Today (August, 1960)

(9) Louis L. Snyder, Encyclopedia of the Third Reich (1998) page 286

(10) Rudolf Diels, Lucifer Ante Portas: From Severing to Heydrich (1950) page 221

(11) Benjamin Carter Hett, Burning the Reichstag: An Investigation into the Third Reich's Enduring Mystery (2014) page 88

(12) Jeremy Noakes, Nazism 1919-1945 (1998) page 171

(13) Fritz Tobias, The Reichstag Fire: Legend and Truth (1963) page 93

(14) Louis L. Snyder, Encyclopedia of the Third Reich (1998) page 349

(15) Ernst Torgler, Die Zeit (4th November, 1948)

(16) Richard Overy, Goering: The Iron Man (1984) page 25

(17) Detective-Inspector Walter Zirpins, report on the Reichstag Fire (3rd March, 1933)

(18) Ernst Torgler, Die Zeit (4th November, 1948)

(19) Fritz Tobias, The Reichstag Fire: Legend and Truth (1963) page 200

(20) Alfons Sack, The Reichstag Fire Process (1934) page 96

(21) Konrad Heiden, Hitler: A Biography (1936) page 437

(22) Douglas Reed, The Burning of the Reichstag (1934) page 90

(23) Ernst Torgler, Die Zeit (4th November, 1948)

(24) Fritz Tobias, The Reichstag Fire: Legend and Truth (1963) page 239

(25) Alfons Sack, The Reichstag Fire Process (1934) page 167

(26) Richard Evans, The Third Reich in Power (2005) page 68

(27) Völkischer Beobachter (24th December, 1933)

(28) Richard Evans, The Third Reich in Power (2005) pages 68-69

(29) Rudolf Diels, Lucifer Ante Portas: From Severing to Heydrich (1950) page 203

(30) Ernst Torgler, Die Zeit (4th November, 1948)

Primi anni di vita

Torgler è nato il figlio di un residente urbano a Berlino . Lì, ha frequentato la scuola dal 1904 al 1907, quando è entrato a far parte dell'Associazione degli apprendisti e dei lavoratori minorili di Berlino. Dal 1909 al 1925 svolse diversi incarichi, lavorando in particolare come venditore e contabile. Torgler iniziò la sua carriera politica nel 1910, quando si unì al Partito socialdemocratico. Mentre prestava servizio militare durante la prima guerra mondiale , Torgler divenne membro del Partito socialdemocratico indipendente tedesco nel 1917.

Spis treści

Torgler urodził się w rodzinie berlińskiego pracownika administracji miejskiej [1] . W latach 1904–1907 uczęszczał do szkoły komunalnej w Berlinie, pracując jednocześnie jako goniec. W 1907 wstąpił do Zrzeszenia Praktykantów i Młodych Robotników Berlina (niem. Verein der Lehrlinge und jugendlichen Arbeiter Berlins). W 1909 zdobył zawód sprzedawcy. Pomiędzy 1909 a 1925 pracował jako sprzedawca, księgowy i komiwojażer.

Działalność polityczna Edytuj

W 1911 Torgler wstąpił do Socjaldemokratycznej Partii Niemiec (niem. Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD). Po odbyciu służby wojskowej w czasie I wojny światowej przeszedł do Niezależnej Socjaldemokratycznej Partii Niemiec (niem. Unabhängige Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, USPD). W 1920 USPD połączyła się z niemiecką partią komunistyczną, a Torgler stał się członkiem KPD, z ramienia której w 1924 wszedł do parlamentu. W 1927 został zastępcą przewodniczącego frakcji komunistycznej, a w 1929 przewodniczącym. W latach 1932–1933 razem z Wilhelmem Pieckem wydawał gazetę parlamentarnej frakcji KPD.

Pożar Reichstagu Edytuj

27 lutego 1933 pomiędzy 21.00 a 23.00 płomienie zaczęły obejmować kopułę budynku Reichstagu. Na miejscu zdarzenia ujęto holenderskiego komunistę Marinusa van der Lubbego, który przyznał się do podpalenia, utrzymując, że działał w pojedynkę. Jednak wysocy przedstawiciele rządzącej NSDAP byli przekonani, że podpalenie Reichstagu było próbą wzniecenia powstania przeciwko państwu niemieckiemu przez członków partii komunistycznej [2] . Podejrzenie padło na Torglera, który jako ostatni opuścił gmach Reichstagu w dniu pożaru [3] . Wbrew woli przywódców KPD, Torgler stawił się wkrótce potem dobrowolnie, by oczyścić się z zarzutu o uczestnictwo w podpaleniu [4] . Pomimo braku aktu oskarżenia, Torgler trafił natychmiast do aresztu, gdzie był przetrzymywany do lipca 1933.

W lipcu, wraz z van der Lubbem oraz bułgarskimi członkami Kominternu Georgim Dymitrowem (późniejszym komunistycznym premierem Bułgarii), Błagojem Popowem i Wassilem Tanewem [5] , został oskarżony o podpalenie i zdradę stanu (niem. Hochverrat). Wyrok, częściowo nie podlegający apelacji, zapadł 23 grudnia 1933. Oskarżeni: Torgler, Dimitrow, Popow i Tanew zostali uniewinnieni z braku wystarczających dowodów (brak ten uznał nawet Hitler, przekonany o winie Torglera) [6] . Oskarżony van der Lubbe został uznany za winnego zdrady stanu, podżegania do podpalenia oraz próby podpalenia. Sąd skazał go na karę śmierci i utratę praw obywatelskich. Marinus van der Lubbe został zgilotynowany 10 stycznia 1934 [5] . Po procesie pozostali oskarżeni zostali objęci aresztem prewencyjnym. Bułgarzy zostali wydaleni z kraju, a Torgler został wypuszczony dopiero w 1935. W tym samym roku KPD wykluczyła Torglera ze swoich szeregów, motywując swoją decyzję jego niesubordynacją w 1933 r.

W latach 1938–1939 Torgler pracował jako przedstawiciel firmy Electrolux.

II wojna światowa Edytuj

W czerwcu 1940 Torgler rozpoczął pracę w Ministerstwie Propagandy kierowanym przez Goebbelsa. Po ataku Niemiec na ZSRR w 1941 r. Torgler zajmował się propagandą antybolszewicką.

Po nieudanym zamachu na Hitlera 20 lipca 1944 wydano nakaz jego aresztowania. Torgler twierdził, że uniknął prześladowań dzięki wstawiennictwu ówczesnego przełożonego. Pod koniec wojny Torgler otrzymał stanowisko w Kraju Warty, a stamtąd został przeniesiony do Bückeburga, gdzie pracował w urzędzie miasta.

Po zakończeniu II wojny światowej Torgler starał się o ponowne przyjęcie do KPD, która odrzuciła jego prośby. W 1949 wstąpił do SPD.

W 1947 r. opozycjonista Hans Bernd Gisevius (1904-1974) zarzucił publicznie Torglerowi współpracę z nazistami. W 1940 Torgler miał pracować w Czechosłowacji dla SS-Oberstgruppenführera Reinharda Heydricha [7] . Torgler zaprzeczał tym zarzutom.

You've only scratched the surface of Torgler family history.

Between 1957 and 2004, in the United States, Torgler life expectancy was at its lowest point in 1966, and highest in 1979. The average life expectancy for Torgler in 1957 was 45, and 93 in 2004.

An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Torgler ancestors lived in harsh conditions. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. The SSDI is a searchable database of more than 70 million names. You can find birthdates, death dates, addresses and more.

Ernst Torgler - History

Information bulletin
(January 1950)

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Sergeant Ernst Torgler - Woodlawn Cemetery

Woodlawn Cemetery
Section 28, Lot 55
Toledo, Ohio

Sergeant Ernst Torgler was born in Germany in 1840 to Ernest and Agusta Torgler, In 1852 his parents emigrated to the United States. The Civil War broke out in 1861 and the following year Torgler enlisted in the Army. He began as a private in Company G of the 37th Ohio Volunteer Regiment. The regiment consisted mostly of German immigrants from Toledo, Cleveland, and Chillicothe. (Toledo Blade, 26 May 1991).

The first action Torgler saw was the siege of Vicksburg in June and July of 1863. Torgler was promoted to corporal following the Union victory in Vicksburg. By the end of the war, Torgler would be a sergeant. In the fall of 1863, he wore the colors at the Battle of Mission Ridge in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The following year he was with General William Tecumseh Sherman on the Atlanta Campaign in the Summer of 1864. He received the Congressional Medal of Honor for his service at the Battle of Ezra Chapel on July 28, 1864. While his regiment was retreating, he charged through sheets of bullets to rescue Major Hipp. The Major was shot off his horse and was at risk of being captured. Sergeant Torgler saw the danger and saved Major Hipp. Sergeant Torgler was awarded the Medal of Honor for action above and beyond the call of duty.

The war ended in 1865 and three years later Torgler married Augusta Schracker. They were the parents of eleven children. Ernest Torgler was a member of the Grand Army of the Republic. He lived out his life as a farmer in Point Place, Michigan and died in 1923. He is buried at Woodlawn Cemetery.

An interesting postscript is that it was not marked on Torgler's grave that he received the Congressional Medal of Honor. In 1991, the Army rectified this situation with a presentation on Memorial Day. Congressional Representatives, senators and other dignitaries attended. His great-grandson, George Jackson of Grosse Point, Michigan, now holds his great-grandfather's medal.

Ernst Torgler -->

Ernst Torgler (Berlijn, 25 april 1893 – Hannover, 19 januari 1963) was een Duits politicus, die vooral actief was in de periode voor en in de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Al op veertienjarige leeftijd toonde hij zijn maatschappelijke betrokkenheid door lid te worden van de Berlijnse Vereniging van leerlingen en jonge arbeiders en trad in 1911 toe tot de SPD, de Sociaaldemocratische Partij van Duitsland.

Na de Eerste Wereldoorlog, waarin hij als soldaat dienstdeed, richtte hij zich steeds nadrukkelijker op een politieke richting links van die van de SPD en werd uiteindelijk actief voor de KPD (de Communistische Partij van Duitsland). Hij werd uiteindelijk voorzitter van de KPD-fractie in de Rijksdag, waardoor hij een van de meest vooraanstaande politici van Duitsland was geworden.

In 1933 werd er brand gesticht in het Rijksdaggebouw. Torgler had de dag voor de brand de Reichstag als laatste verlaten en was – na het vernemen van de brandstichting – die nacht buitenshuis gebleven uit angst voor arrestatie. Dit maakte hem volgens Hermann Göring verdacht, die dan ook een arrestatiebevel tegen hem uitvaardigde. De dag na de brand besloot Torgler zich vrijwillig bij de politie te melden om de beschuldiging te ontkrachten, maar zijn actie had niet het beoogde effect: hij werd gearresteerd en officieel aangeklaagd wegens hoogverraad en brandstichting. Hoewel hij bij het proces wegens gebrek aan bewijs werd vrijgelaten, werd Torgler daarop in preventieve hechtenis genomen en belandde in een gevangenis in Berlijn. Daar verbleef hij tot 1935 en dook daarna onder in Zuid-Duitsland. De KPD royeerde hem in hetzelfde jaar omdat hij zich twee jaar daarvoor vrijwillig bij justitie had gemeld.

Een jaar later vond een gebeurtenis plaats die cruciaal bleek te zijn in Torglers leven: zijn zoon Kurt, die naar de Sovjet-Unie was geëmigreerd, werd daar gearresteerd en tot tien jaar dwangarbeid veroordeeld. Vervolgens werd hij na vier jaar uitgeleverd aan Duitsland, waar hij in gevangenschap werd genomen.

Torgler had toen opnieuw een maatschappelijke positie verworven, maar stond nog steeds onder toezicht van de Sicherheitsdienst. In 1940 vond er een opmerkelijke ommezwaai plaats in de carrière van Torgler, toen hij voor het Ministerie van Propaganda van Joseph Goebbels begon te werken. Mogelijk werd hij tot deze keuze gedwongen door de positie waar zijn zoon zich destijds in bevond. Gedurende de rest van de oorlogsjaren bleef hij actief voor de regering, hoewel hij in 1944 kort gevangengezet werd op verdenking van betrokkenheid bij de aanslag op Adolf Hitler op 20 juli.

Na de oorlog keerden Torglers activiteiten gedurende die oorlog zich tegen hem, toen hij werd beschuldigd van collaboratie met het naziregime. Hij verweerde zich tegen de beschuldigingen en werd verder niet vervolgd. Tot aan zijn dood leefde hij teruggetrokken in B࿌keburg.

July 12, 1943 - May 24, 2021

Our Beloved Mother, Grandmother, Sister, and Friend, Jeanne Torgler, went to be with her Lord Jesus on May 24, 2021.

Jeanne was born on July 12, 1943 in La Junta, CO to Kenneth and Rebecca Rusher, she attended Numa School and graduated from Ordway High School in 1962 where she was a cheerleader. She was a student at Lamar Junior College and Pueblo Junior College, completing her Associate Degree in Business.

She was the oldest of six children, Three sisters and two brothers.

Jeanne married the love of her life, Shannon Torgler, July 1963, and began their life in Ordway, CO. Their two children Jason Torgler, and Jennifer Torgler Maxwell.

Jeanne and Shannon had an adventurous life beginning with a pig business of over 2000 head until 1975. During this time, they started, built and operated the Ordway KOA Campground, aka “The Junction” from 1973-2002. They added “The Junction Swimming Pool” from 1988-1997. They purchased Kropf’s Cash and Carry in 1977 changed the name to “Torgler Food Market” and sold the business in 1985 to Kenny and Jeannine Rusher. Since their lives were not busy enough during these times, they purchased, built & operated “Rocky Ford Food Market” from 1980-1985.

Jeanne was the diligent secretary, bookkeeper and task master for all of her and Shannon’s business’s, while being a devoted and loving wife and mother.

Jeanne was active in the community. She served as Crowley County Chamber of Commerce Secretary, 1986-1988 and President, 2007-2009. Jeanne continued with community support after the passing of her husband, Shannon, in February 2015, serving over ten years as Arkansas Valley Hospice member and Fifteen years as an Awana Leader at the Community Baptist Church.

Jeanne loved and enjoyed her grandchildren and following all of their activities and projects. She loved working in her yard and always had another project going.

All who knew Jeanne, knew of her deep and genuine Christian faith and love for Jesus Christ. She inspired others with her love for life and constant positive outlook. Her voice and laughter always brought a light into the room and lifted the lowest of spirits.

Jeanne is survived by her children: Jason (Laura) Torgler of Ordway, Jennifer (Pat) Maxwell of Kansas and Daughter-in-law, Lisa Torgler of Ordway. Jeanne was blessed with four grandchildren, Joshua and Emily Torgler of Ordway, Alexander Maxwell and Regan (Dustin) Falk of Atchison, KS. Sisters and Brothers, Laurel (Bob) Horton of Limon, CO Kathleen (Bill) Johnson of Amarillo, TX Gail (Terry) Hall of Happy, TX Kenneth (Jeannine) Rusher of Ordway, CO Russel (Brenda) Rusher of Torrington, WY Sister-in-law Marianne Torgler and Numerous Nieces & Nephews.

A Memorial Service will be held at 11:00 AM on Saturday, June 5th at Crowley Community Baptist Church in Crowley, CO with Pastor Jeremy Hoyt officiating. Inurnment will be private at a later time in the Valley View Cemetery, Ordway, CO. In lieu of flowers, memorial contributions may be made to Arkansas Valley Hospice 531 Lewis, La Junta, CO 81050.

Arrangements have been entrusted to Ford - Ustick Funeral Home. Online condolences may be sent to

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Ernst Torgler

Ernst Torgler, född 25 april 1893 i Berlin-Kreuzberg, död 19 januari 1963 i Hannover, var en tysk politiker (KPD) och en av de åtalade vid riksdagshusbrandsrättegången.

Torgler var till en början medlem av SPD men gick över till Tysklands oberoende socialdemokratiska parti för att år 1920 ansluta sig till Tysklands kommunistiska parti (KPD). I valet i december 1924 blev han invald i den tyska riksdagen för partiet 1929 blev han ordförande i KPD:s riksdagsgrupp.

Den 28 februari 1933 greps Torgler efter att ha överlämnat sig själv till polisen, misstänkt för delaktighet i riksdagshusbranden. Tillsammans med Marinus van der Lubbe, Georgi Dimitrov, Blagoj Popov och Vasilij Tanev ställdes Torgler inför rätta den 21 september 1933. Torgler frikändes den 23 december, då han hade ett giltigt alibi. KPD uteslöt senare Torgler, då han mot ledningens vilja överlämnat sig till polisen.

Efter frisläppandet stannade Torgler kvar i Tyskland och arbetade bland annat för Electrolux, samtidigt som han värvades av Gestapo. I juni 1940 började han arbeta för Nazitysklands propagandaministerium. 1944 misstänktes han för delaktighet i 20 juli-attentatet, men arresterades inte. Efter andra världskriget ville Torgler ånyo bli medlem i KPD, men hans ansökan avslogs och han anslöt sig istället till SPD.

Watch the video: Reichstag fire. Wikipedia audio article (January 2022).