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Northrop XP-61F Black Widow


Northrop XP-61F Black Widow

The Northrop XP-61F was the designation given to a planned two-seat version of the Black Widow night-fighter. A single P-61C was delivered to the Army on 10 August 1945 then returned to Northrop to be converted to the new design, but little work appears to have been done before the programme was cancelled on 24 October 1945. The aircraft was probably converted back to its original configuration before being put into storage.


Northrop P-61 / F-61 Black Widow

The Northrop P-61 Black Widow became the United States' first aircraft specifically designed from the outset as a platform dedicated to the fine art of night-fighting. Enabled by its complex through highly-effective nose-mounted radar, a distinct overall black paint scheme, its trained crew of three (though sometimes two) specialists and a heavy base armament made up of cannon and heavy machine guns, the "Widow" made its way into all major theaters encompassing World War 2. The P-61 could operate in total darkness, aided by its onboard systems, and move into position to deliver an enemy aircrew's final moments. The Black Widow appeared in quantity during 1944, then under the command of the US Army Air Forces (USAAF) and soldiered on well past the war years into 1952, retiring with the newly-minted United States Air Force. The P-61 became one of Northrop's most successful products of all time and essentially put the corporation on the map. The P-61 (later redesignated to F-61) was no longer in operational service by the time of the Korean War, missing the conflict by small window of opportunity. While replacing the aged Douglas A-20 Havoc and D-70 systems in World War 2, the P-61 was itself replaced by the North American F-82 "Twin Mustang" before the Korean conflict.


Northrop P-61 Black Widow


The Northrop P-61 Black Widow, named for the North American spider, was the first operational U.S. warplane designed as a night fighter, and the first aircraft designed to use radar. ΐ] Α] The P-61 had a crew of three: pilot, gunner, and radar operator. It was armed with four 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano M2 forward-firing cannon mounted in the lower fuselage, and four .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine guns mounted in a remote-controlled dorsal gun turret. It was an all-metal, twin-engine, twin-boom design develope during World War II. Β] The first test flight was made on May 26, 1942, with the first production aircraft rolling off the assembly line in October 1943. The last aircraft was retired from government service in 1954.

Although not produced in the large numbers of its contemporaries, the Black Widow was effectively operated as a night-fighter by United States Army Air Forces squadrons in the European Theater, Pacific Theater, China Burma India Theater, and Mediterranean Theater during World War II. It replaced earlier British-designed night-fighter aircraft that had been updated to incorporate radar when it became available. After the war, the P-61—redesignated the F-61—served in the United States Air Force as a long-range, all-weather, day/night interceptor for Air Defense Command until 1948, and Fifth Air Force until 1950.

On the night of 14 August 1945, a P-61B of the 548th Night Fight Squadron named Lady in the Dark was unofficially credited with the last Allied air victory before VJ Day Γ] The P-61 was also modified to create the F-15 Reporter photo-reconnaissance aircraft for the United States Army Air Forces and subsequently used by the United States Air Force. Δ]


Northrop P-61 Black Widow -->

Die Northrop P-61 Black Widow is &aposn Amerikaanse vegvliegtuig wat tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog diens gedoen het. Dit is die eerste vliegtuig wat uitsluitlik as &aposn nagvegter ontwerp is. Die ontwerp is soortgelyk aan die Lockheed P-38 Lightning. Die vliegtuig is ontwerp om aan &aposn spesifikasie te voldoen wat in Oktober 1940 uitgereik is. Dit het nuwe RADAR toerusting in die neus gedra wat die bemanning toegelaat het om teikens in die nag te vind en aan te val. Die XP-61 het sy nooiensvlug in 1942 voltooi en aflewering van die vliegtuig het in laat 1943 begin nadat tegniese probleme met die vliegtuig self en die radar opgelos moes word.

Die Black Widow het sy eerste operasionele vlug in Julie 1944 in Europa voltooi en vernietig vier Duitse bomwerpers. Hulle het ook nege V-1 vlieënde bomme vernietig. In die Stille Oseaan-oorlog het die Black Widow sy eerste sukses behaal op die nag van 6/7 Julie 1944. Soos die Black Widow&aposs beskikbaar geword het, het hulle die Douglas P-70&aposs vervang.

Aanvanklik was daar masjiengewere onder die neus en ook in die dorsale afstandbeheerde skiettoring agter die kajuit. As gevolg van probleme is daar weggedoen met die skiettoring by die A-model. Die B-model was egter 20,3 cm langer en die skiettoring is weer benut. Die B-model kon ook vier 726 kg bomme of 1򠄶 liter weggooibare brandstoftenks dra. Daar was 450 B-modelle gebou. Nadat terugvoering oor die P-61&aposs se gevegsvermoeëns verkry is, is die P-61C ontwikkel. Dit was aangedryf deur twee turboaangejaagde R-2800-73 motors wat &aposn noodvermoë gehad het van 2򠠀 perdekrag. Die opstygmassa van dié vliegtuig was 18򠅄 kg en dit het &aposn minimum aanloopbaanlengte van 4,8 km vereis.

&aposn Paar Black Widow&aposs het tot in 1950 in die Amerikaanse Lugmag diens gedoen.


Northrop P-61 Black Widow

Die Northrop P-61 Black Widow is 'n Amerikaanse vegvliegtuig wat tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog diens gedoen het. Dit is die eerste vliegtuig wat uitsluitlik as 'n nagvegter ontwerp is. Die ontwerp is soortgelyk aan die Lockheed P-38 Lightning. Die vliegtuig is ontwerp om aan 'n spesifikasie te voldoen wat in Oktober 1940 uitgereik is. Dit het nuwe RADAR toerusting in die neus gedra wat die bemanning toegelaat het om teikens in die nag te vind en aan te val. Die XP-61 het sy nooiensvlug in 1942 voltooi en aflewering van die vliegtuig het in laat 1943 begin nadat tegniese probleme met die vliegtuig self en die radar opgelos moes word.

Die Black Widow het sy eerste operasionele vlug in Julie 1944 in Europa voltooi en vernietig vier Duitse bomwerpers. Hulle het ook nege V-1 vlieënde bomme vernietig. In die Stille Oseaan-oorlog het die Black Widow sy eerste sukses behaal op die nag van 6/7 Julie 1944. Soos die Black Widow's beskikbaar geword het, het hulle die Douglas P-70's vervang.

Aanvanklik was daar masjiengewere onder die neus en ook in die dorsale afstandbeheerde skiettoring agter die kajuit. As gevolg van probleme is daar weggedoen met die skiettoring by die A-model. Die B-model was egter 20,3 cm langer en die skiettoring is weer benut. Die B-model kon ook vier 726 kg bomme of 1 136 liter weggooibare brandstoftenks dra. Daar was 450 B-modelle gebou. Nadat terugvoering oor die P-61's se gevegsvermoeëns verkry is, is die P-61C ontwikkel. Dit was aangedryf deur twee turboaangejaagde R-2800-73 motors wat 'n noodvermoë gehad het van 2 800 perdekrag. Die opstygmassa van dié vliegtuig was 18 144 kg en dit het 'n minimum aanloopbaanlengte van 4,8 km vereis.

'n Paar Black Widow's het tot in 1950 in die Amerikaanse Lugmag diens gedoen.


World War II Database


ww2dbase The P-61 Black Widow night fighters were designed by Jack Northrop as a response to the British need for night fighters that carried radar, equipped with multiple gun turrets, and could remain in the air for at least eight hours. The resulting purpose-built, all-metal, twin-engine, twin-boom, monoplane design, however, was submitted to the United States Army Air Corps instead of the British Royal Air Force after Northrop realized the US Army had a similar need. On 5 Nov 1940, Northrop and his research chief Vladimir H. Pavlecka defeated Douglas Aircraft Company's design in a competition, which led to the 5 Dec US Army approval of the P-61 Black Widow design, which in turn led to the 10 Jan 1941 contract for two prototypes. On 2 Apr, the Air Corps Mockup Board reviewed the prototype mock up and moved the wing-mounted 20-mm Hispano M2 cannon to the lower section of the fuselage, which eliminated aiming difficulties associated with convergence a positive side-effect of this was the clearing of wing space for additional fuel capacity of over 100 gallons. The prototype took flight in May 1942, and production commenced later that year.

ww2dbase After training conducted in Florida and California, United States, P-61 Black Widow aircraft were deployed to the front lines. The United States Army Air Forces' 422nd Night Fighter Squadron was the first to complete their training in Florida, and was deployed to England, Britain in Feb 1944, followed shortly after by the 425th Night Fighter Squadron. When the crews of the two squadrons arrived in England, however, they found they were without their P-61 aircraft. Then, in May 1944, USAAF generals began expressing concerns that the P-61 aircraft were too slow to effectively perform in the night fighter role. Many in the Royal Air Force agreed, suggesting the use of Mosquito night fighters instead. At the end of May 1944, the USAAF held a competition between 422nd Night Fighter Squadron-manned P-61 night fighters and RAF-manned Mosquito Mk XVI night fighters to determine whether the P-61 aircraft were to remain in service over Britain and elsewhere the results were very close, with the Americans considering the P-61 to be slightly better while the RAF thought otherwise.

ww2dbase With the capability confirmed by the competition held in England in May, the 6th Night Fighter Squadron of the USAAF at Guadalcanal received their first P-61 Black Widow night fighters in the next month. The first P-61 operation took place on 25 Jun 1944, and the first kill, a Japanese G4M bomber, was achieved on 30 Jun. The P-61 night fighters continued to serve in the Pacific War through 1944, defending against night time raids.

ww2dbase In late Jun 1944, the 422nd Night Fighter Squadron finally received their P-61 aircraft. By mid-Jul, they were patrolling the British skies. Their first action took place on 15 Jul when Lieutenant Herman Ernst's P-61 Black Widow night fighter attempted to intercept a V-1 rocket Ernst failed the mission after the plastic rear cone imploded during the attack. On the very next day, Ernst was directed to intercept another V-1 rocket he was successful in this second attempt, scoring the first kill for the 422nd Night Fighter Squadron. In early Aug 1944, the 422nd and 425th Night Fighter Squadrons were transferred to Maupertus, France. In the same month, they began engaging German aircraft, shooting down a Bf 110 and a Fw 190 shortly afterwards. In Dec 1944, P-61 night fighters of the two squadrons performed daylight ground attack missions against German supply lines during the Ardennes offensive that later came to be known as the Battle of the Bulge. By early 1945, combat engagements with German aircraft became rare as Allied air superiority became nearly total.

ww2dbase On 30 Jan 1945, a lone P-61 aircraft performed ground attack mission against a Japanese prisoner of war camp at Cabanatuan, Philippine Islands. The attack was diversionary the purpose was to distract the Japanese so that American commandos could infiltrate the camp to rescue the 500 Allied POWs imprisoned there.

ww2dbase In terms of aerial combat, the P-61 Black Widow night fighters assigned to the Pacific War experienced a similar situation in 1945 as their European counterparts, where engagements with Japanese aircraft became sporadic. Several squadrons equipped with these night fighters claimed no kills during 1945. However, P-61 aircraft "Lady in the Dark" of the 548th Night Fighter Squadron, piloted by Lieutenant Lee Kendall, downed two of the last few Japanese aircraft of the Pacific War, which were a Ki-43 and a Ki-44 aircraft during the nights of 14 and 15 Aug, respectively (the last two kills, two A6M Zero fighters, were achieved by crew of the B-32 Dominator bomber "Hobo Queen Two", on 18 Aug 1945).

ww2dbase After the war, P-61 Black Widow aircraft remained in USAAF service, largely due to the USAAF's inability to quickly produce a modern jet-powered replacement. Starting in early 1948, the process to phase them out began, with the last front-line aircraft being withdrawn in May 1950. The last US Air Force P-61 Black Widow aircraft retired from operational service in 1952. Before they were retired, however, they participated in the Thunderstorm Project between 1946 and 1949, which was critical in the scientific understanding of thunderstorms.

ww2dbase During the design's production life, 742 were built.

ww2dbase Source: Wikipedia.

Last Major Revision: Sep 2007

P-61 Black Widow Timeline

21 May 1942 Northrop P-61 Black Widow night fighter took flight for the first time.

P-61

MachineryTwo Pratt & Whitney R-2800-65 Double Wasp radial engines with water injection, rated at 2,250hp each
Armament4x20mm Hispano M2 cannon in ventral fuselage, 4x12.7mm Browning M2 machine guns in upper turret, optional 2x726kg bombs, optional 6x127mm HVAR rockets
Crew3
Span20.12 m
Length15.11 m
Height4.47 m
Wing Area61.53 m²
Weight, Empty10,637 kg
Weight, Loaded13,471 kg
Weight, Maximum16,420 kg
Speed, Maximum589 km/h
Rate of Climb12.90 m/s
Service Ceiling10,600 m
Range, Normal982 km
Range, Maximum3,060 km

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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. Ray Krueger says:
28 Jun 2011 11:37:59 AM

During the late stages of WW2, I worked summer jobs at a near-by AFB. Since I was a skilled Radio mech, I held both security clearance and knowledge/clearance to work on RADAR! This meant that all B-29s and P-61s that were on base, on my shift, fell under my inspection. Thus, the bird you have under reconstruction could have been one that I cleared for combat. Actually, there is probably no way of telling, but, I would like to take a look.
See you soon..
Raymond F Krueger

2. Anonymous says:
8 Feb 2012 11:55:53 AM

I live in northern california and I collect antique aircraft toys. Last year I went to an anitique store in Fortuna California and Bought a wooden replica of the Black widow. The owner of the store told me that it was carved by a black widow pilot himself. I was wondering if anyone may know of a ww2 vet/pilot who may have carved this. He lives in Northern california, and I am happy to say I have kept the cool little plane on my fire place. If anyone has information about the man who may have hand carved this, please let me know. Thanks

3. Derek says:
11 Feb 2012 11:46:21 AM

One of these days I should forward you a pic of the hand carved p-61, I'm on vacation now but When I get back I will take a pic and post it. Its real neat. I do believe there were mission numbers on the wing and an aircraft serial number on the side and tail

4. Johnson says:
28 Aug 2012 05:20:32 PM

I'm currently in the 548 CTS, our roots come from the 548 NFS. We still carry on the name-sake and still display 'Scopie' the blackcat with smoking six shooter and flashlight. I'm trying to find an artist print/rendering of Lady of the Night. We want to frame and use as a squadron going away gift.

5. Johnson says:
28 Aug 2012 05:22:02 PM

Sorry I meant Lady in the Dark.

6. Justin Loretz says:
17 Nov 2012 04:17:03 PM

Hi,
I live less than a mile from the first ETO base of the 422/425 during WW2, RAF Charmy Down in Spring of 44. I have a nice series of pictures of the airfield, much of which is still standing including the control tower and several earth bomb blast dispersals. If you'd like pictures mail me.
I also have a video I made of the station with my brother.

7. Jeff Kolln says:
24 Feb 2013 06:45:43 PM

I did a book on the 421st NFS and the P-61, but still would love to find a photo of the 547th Bird "Pandora's Box" and also information on the Navy's Catapult Testing with the P-61 (Info/photos) let me hear from you.

8. ron nelson says:
31 Mar 2013 07:13:40 PM

i just recieved the clock that was in the ready room for the 422nd nfs in europe , it was given by the family of stan condon,pilot of the 422nd p61 - stan told me about the clock for years - he was a good friend - neat piece of history -just a note ! ,thanks,ron

9. Johnny says:
23 Jun 2013 07:04:51 PM

Anyone needing NFS leather unit patches,I make them,see samples of various patches here,
http://s1334.photobucket.com/user/EMBLEMHUNTER/library/Patches

10. Wyatt says:
31 Mar 2021 10:47:48 PM

My grandfather was a crew member on a P-61 NFS in China. They got lost on a mission, ran out of fuel, and had to ditch over China. He survived. I’m just looking for a report, records or additional information on the incident. Where could I find that potentially? Thanks

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.


Northrop P-61 Black Widow: The Complete History and Combat Record

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Tools of War: The Northrop P-61 Black Widow

The Northrop P-61 was the first American aircraft designed exclusively for night combat, and though it arrived later in the war, it proved itself a very capable combat aircraft.

The P-61’s design had its origins in 1940, when the British were looking to the US aircraft industry for an aircraft capable of intercepting and shooting down German bombers targeting London with night raids. The U.S. Army Air Corps decided that they too were in need of an aircraft capable of a similar mission. Northrop began designing the night-fighter around a large twin-tail boom design powered by a pair of Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp radial engines, each providing 2,000 horsepower. The fuselage provided space for three crew a pilot, a gunnery officer, and radar operator. The aircraft was armed with four 20mm cannons mounted in a bay below the cockpit, and four .50 caliber machine guns housed in a turret on top of the fuselage. Most importantly, the new night fighter was designed to carry the SCI-720 AI radar set, which was capable of detecting enemy aircraft in nearby airspace.

After a lengthy period of design, the prototype XP-61 first flew on May 21, 1942. Despite being such a large aircraft, the P-61 proved that it “had very good maneuverability, in part because of the patented spoiler type later control and deceleration/airborne surfaces.” [1] Two years later, after flight testing, the P-61 entered service in Europe with 422nd Fighter Squadron, stationed at Charmy Down, England. Initially, pilots were unconvinced that such a large aircraft would be able to hold its own in aerial combat- a Northrop test pilot travelled to training bases, providing air show demonstrations with the P-61 and proving that the aircraft was more than capable of holding its own in a dogfight. [2] In the end, several squadrons of P-61s in Europe and 8 squadrons of P-61s in the Pacific had taken charge of night-time aerial combat.

A P-61 based in England in 1944.

A P-61 based in the Pacific Theater.

Early experience with the P-61 showed that the top turret of the P-61 caused rough air flow which disrupted normal flight enough that turrets were removed from all P-61As. Most squadrons in Europe would experience shortages of spares, reducing the number of P-61s available for missions. Despite this, European squadrons were assigned not only for night patrols but also night ground attack missions, something that the P-61 proved to be well-suited for, since it was capable of carrying some 6,400lbs of ordnance or extra fuel tanks on its wings. And despite its late arrival in the war, squadrons equipped with the P-61 racked up a number of kills. The 425th Fighter Squadron shot down 10 aircraft along with four V-1 flying bombs, while the 422nd claimed 43 aircraft destroyed and 5 V-1s shot down, making it the highest-scoring P-61 squadron.

In the Pacific, the 6th and 419th Night Fighter Squadrons were the first units in the Pacific to receive the aircraft. By the end of the war, the 6th NFS had claimed 16 kills, making it the highest-scoring P-61 unit in the Pacific. Black Widows were also used for ground attack missions in the China-Burma-India theater, attacking convoys attempting to resupply Japanese units. In the Mediterranean, the P-61 equipped the 414th, the 415th, the 416th, the 417th, and the 418th Night Fighter Squadrons. Of these, only the 414th saw combat, with a detachment from the 414th being sent to Belgium to provide support during the Battle of the Bulge- this detachment claimed 5 enemy planes shot down. [3]

By the end of the war, 941 P-61As,Bs, and Cs had been built, along with 38 F-15 Reporter aircraft, a modified version of the P-61 designed for reconnaissance. P-61 units claimed 109 aircraft shot down in total during the war. After the surrender of the Japanese, P-61s were gradually replaced by the newer F-82 Twin Mustang. Some were used in early ejection seat experiments, while others were used in a large project carried out by the US Air Force to gather information about thunderstorms. The last P-61 was retired in 1953. Today, of the 900+ P-61s and F-15s built, only four remain. P-61B Ser. No. 42-39715 is on display at the Beijing Air and Space Museum. P-61C Ser. No. 43-8330 is on display at the Stephen F. Udvar-Hazy Center of the National Air and Space Museum in Chantilly, Virginia. P-61C Ser. No. 43-8353 is on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, Ohio. Finally, P-61B Ser. No. 42-39445 is being restored to flying status by the Mid-Atlantic Air Museum in Reading, Pennsylvania.

The Mid-Atlantic Air Museum's P-61B, which is currently being restored to flying status. Photo credit Mid-Atlantic Air Museum. Photo credit Mid-Atlantic Air Museum.

[1] P. 139- Gunston, Bill. The Illustrated Directory of Fighting Aircraft of World War II. New York: Prentice Hall, 1988. Print

[2] P.11-12 Thompson, Warren E. P-61 Black Widow Units of World War 2. Botley, Oxford: Military Book Club/Osprey, 2000. Print

[3] P.50 Thompson, Warren E. P-61 Black Widow Units of World War 2. Botley, Oxford: Military Book Club/Osprey, 2000. Print


Northrop P-61 Black Widow

Northrop P-61 Black Widow (suom. mustaleski) oli Yhdysvaltain ensimmäinen yöhävittäjäksi suunniteltu kone. Sen keulassa oli tutkalaitteisto, jonka avulla kahden tai kolmen hengen miehistö löysi viholliskoneen täydellisessä pimeydessäkin. Konetyypin runkoratkaisu oli suunnilleen täysin vastaavanlainen kuin esimerkiksi Lockheed P-38 Lightningissa: kaksiosainen puomipyrstö joissa molemmat mäntämoottorit, ja koneen ohjaamo sijaitsi erillisessä keskikehdossa peräsinpuomien välissä. Korkeusvakaimen sijainti oli peräsinpuomien välissä.

P-61 Black Widow

Northrop P-61 Black Widow
Tyyppi yöhävittäjä
Alkuperämaa Yhdysvallat
Valmistaja Northrop Corporation
Ensilento 26. toukokuuta 1942
Esitelty 1944
Status ei käytössä
Pääkäyttäjät Yhdysvaltain ilmavoimat
Valmistusmäärä 706
Muunnelmat Northrop F-15 Reporter
Infobox OK

Prototyyppiä XP-61 kokeiltiin 1942 ja tuotantokoneiden valmistus alkoi loppuvuodesta 1943. P-61 lensi ensimmäiset taistelulentonsa yöhävittäjänä Euroopassa 3. heinäkuuta 1944. Tyynellämerellä P-61 saavutti ensimmäiset ilmavoitot 6. heinäkuuta. Kun P-61-koneita valmistui, ne korvasivat väliaikaiset Douglas P-70 -koneet Yhdysvaltain armeijan ilmavoimien (USAAF:n) yöhävittäjälaivueissa. Toisen maailmansodan aikana Northrop rakensi noin 700 P-61:tä. Alkusarjan A-mallisista 37 lentokoneesta jouduttiin poistamaan rungon yläpuoliset kauko-ohjatut ampumot niiden aiheuttaman tärinän vuoksi. Viimeiset 41 näistä olivat kesällä 1945 valmistettua P-61C-mallia, joka oli nopeampi ja kykeni toimimaan korkeammalla, sillä sen moottorit olivat edeltäjiään tehokkaammat. Northrop valmisti 36 konetta lisää vuonna 1946 aseistamattomiksi F-15A -tiedustelukoneiksi. Suuren hyötykuormansa ansiosta tätä konetyyppiä käytettiin myös Tyynenmeren sotanäyttämöllä öisissä häirintätehtävissä japanilaisia vastaan. Kone pärjäsi suhteellisen hyvin japanilaisia hävittäjäkoneita vastaan, joiden lukumäärä muutenkin väheni Japanin tappioiden kasvaessa ja joiden aseistus, panssarointi ja teho alkoi hävitä yhdysvaltalaiskoneille. Koneen maksiminopeus oli 589 km/h. P-61 käytti 2 000 hevosvoiman (1 491 kW) tehoisia Pratt & Whitney R-2800 -tähtimoottoreita. [1]

Konetyypin aseistus käsitti neljä 20 mm tykkiä, jotka sijaitsivat koneen keulassa eli eturungossa alhaalla ja ampuivat suoraan eteenpäin. Lisäksi koneen yllä oli kupumainen ja kauko-ohjattu konekivääriasema. Siihen oli sijoitettuna neljä 12,7 mm konekivääriä. Lisäksi koneen siipiripustimiin voitiin liittää koneen ulkopuolisesti sekä pommeja että rakettiaseistusta, joita enintään 1600 paunan eli 726 kilogreamman verran. [1] Konetta kokeiltiin myös ohjuksen laukaisualustana, mutta tämä hanke lienee jäänyt vain kokeiluasteelle.


Northrop XP-61F Black Widow - History

The P-61 has the distinction of being the first US aircraft to be designed as a night fighter. Sporting two engines and twin booms like the P-38 Lightning, the Black Widow was massive for a fighter. Despite teething problems with its radar, the P-61 proved to be a very versatile and effective weapon. A photographic reconnaissance version was also created, and was known as the F-15 Reporter.

For more data and history on this aircraft, click here for Joe Baugher's webpage.
USAF archives on this aircraft, click here.
To see books about this aircraft on Amazon.com, click here.
Additional information on this aircraft can be found at Wikipedia here.
(updated February 2009)


Northrop P-61 Black Widow

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Watch the video: Northrop P-61 Black Widow Night Fighters in Color -1945 (January 2022).